Supercritical CO2 (SC-CO2) extraction coupled with fractional separation of the extracts, has been used to concentrate the active principles of Ruta graveolens. Using 250 bar, 40 Â°C for the extraction process and cooling the first separator to â10 Â°C, an efficient extraction and fractionation was obtained. Different particle sizes of the vegetable matter were tested (from 0.20 to 0.80 mm); they indicated that the extraction process was faster when particle size was smaller; i.e., internal mass transfer controlled the process. Fractional separation allowed the selective elimination of cuticular waxes, that represented about 78% w/w of the total extract produced by SC-CO2 processing. The extract collected in the second separator was concentrated in active compounds up to 87% w/w. For comparison purposes, extraction was also performed using an organic solvent: the extract obtained using ethyl-acetate, contained low percentages of active compounds, mainly due to the co-extraction of large quantities of waxes.
|Titolo:||Concentration of Ruta graveolens active compounds using SC-CO2 extraction coupled with fractional separation|
|Autori interni:||BALDINO, LUCIA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||Being printed|
|Rivista:||THE JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|