The prevalence of Beckwith–Wiedemann spectrum (BWSp) is tenfold increased in children conceived through assisted reproductive techniques (ART). More than 90% of ART-BWSp patients reported so far display imprinting center 2 loss-of-methylations (IC2-LoM), versus 50% of naturally conceived BWSp patients. We describe a cohort of 74 ART-BWSp patients comparing their features with a cohort of naturally conceived BWSp patients, with the ART-BWSp patients previously described in literature, and with the general population of children born from ART. We found that the distribution of UPD(11)pat was not significantly different in ART and naturally conceived patients. We observed 68.9% of IC2-LoM and 16.2% of mosaic UPD(11)pat in our ART cohort, that strongly differ from the figure reported in other cohorts so far. Since UPD(11)pat likely results from post-fertilization recombination events, our findings allows to hypothesize that more complex molecular mechanisms, besides methylation disturbances, may underlie BWSp increased risk in ART pregnancies. Moreover, comparing the clinical features of ART and non-ART BWSp patients, we found that ART-BWSp patients might have a milder phenotype. Finally, our data show a progressive increase in the prevalence of BWSp over time, paralleling that of ART usage in the last decades.

Clinical and molecular characterization of patients affected by Beckwith-Wiedemann spectrum conceived through assisted reproduction techniques

Melis D.;Cerrato F.;
2022

Abstract

The prevalence of Beckwith–Wiedemann spectrum (BWSp) is tenfold increased in children conceived through assisted reproductive techniques (ART). More than 90% of ART-BWSp patients reported so far display imprinting center 2 loss-of-methylations (IC2-LoM), versus 50% of naturally conceived BWSp patients. We describe a cohort of 74 ART-BWSp patients comparing their features with a cohort of naturally conceived BWSp patients, with the ART-BWSp patients previously described in literature, and with the general population of children born from ART. We found that the distribution of UPD(11)pat was not significantly different in ART and naturally conceived patients. We observed 68.9% of IC2-LoM and 16.2% of mosaic UPD(11)pat in our ART cohort, that strongly differ from the figure reported in other cohorts so far. Since UPD(11)pat likely results from post-fertilization recombination events, our findings allows to hypothesize that more complex molecular mechanisms, besides methylation disturbances, may underlie BWSp increased risk in ART pregnancies. Moreover, comparing the clinical features of ART and non-ART BWSp patients, we found that ART-BWSp patients might have a milder phenotype. Finally, our data show a progressive increase in the prevalence of BWSp over time, paralleling that of ART usage in the last decades.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4803735
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