We study the Photometric Plane (PHP), namely the relation between the effective radius r(e), the mean surface brightness within that radius [mu](e) and the Sersic index n, in optical (R and I) and near-infrared (NIR; K) bands for a large sample of early-type galaxies (ETGs) in the rich cluster MS 1008 at z = 0.306. The PHP relation is log r(e) = ( 1.07 +/- 0.06) x log n + ( 0.219 +/- 0.009) x [mu](e) + constant, with an intrinsic dispersion of similar to 32 per cent in r(e), and turns out to be independent of waveband. This result is consistent with the fact that internal colour gradients of ETGs can have only a mild dependence on galaxy luminosity ( mass). There is no evidence for a significant curvature in the PHP. We show that this can be explained if this relation originates from a systematic variation of the specific entropy of ETGs along the galaxy sequence, as was suggested from previous works. Indeed, considering spherical, non-rotating, one-component galaxy models, we find that the specific entropy is exactly a linear combination of log re, [mu](e) and log n. The intrinsic scatter of the PHP is significantly smaller than for other purely photometric relations, such as the Kormendy relation (KR) and the photometric Fundamental Plane ( FP), which is constructed by using colours in place of velocity dispersions. The scatter does not depend on the waveband and the residuals about the plane do not correlate with residuals of the colour - magnitude relation. This implies either that the scatter of the PHP does not originate from stellar population parameters or that it is the result of a combined effect of such parameters. Finally, we compare the coefficients of the PHP at z similar to 0.3 with those of ETGs at z similar to 0, showing that the PHP is a valuable tool to constrain the luminosity evolution of ETGs with redshift. The slopes of the PHP do not change significantly with redshift, while the zero-point is consistent with cosmological dimming of the surface brightness in an expanding universe plus the passive fading of galaxy stellar populations with a high formation redshift (z(f) > 1 - 2).

New insights into the structure of early-type galaxies: the Photometric Plane at z similar to 0.3

Mercurio A;
2005-01-01

Abstract

We study the Photometric Plane (PHP), namely the relation between the effective radius r(e), the mean surface brightness within that radius [mu](e) and the Sersic index n, in optical (R and I) and near-infrared (NIR; K) bands for a large sample of early-type galaxies (ETGs) in the rich cluster MS 1008 at z = 0.306. The PHP relation is log r(e) = ( 1.07 +/- 0.06) x log n + ( 0.219 +/- 0.009) x [mu](e) + constant, with an intrinsic dispersion of similar to 32 per cent in r(e), and turns out to be independent of waveband. This result is consistent with the fact that internal colour gradients of ETGs can have only a mild dependence on galaxy luminosity ( mass). There is no evidence for a significant curvature in the PHP. We show that this can be explained if this relation originates from a systematic variation of the specific entropy of ETGs along the galaxy sequence, as was suggested from previous works. Indeed, considering spherical, non-rotating, one-component galaxy models, we find that the specific entropy is exactly a linear combination of log re, [mu](e) and log n. The intrinsic scatter of the PHP is significantly smaller than for other purely photometric relations, such as the Kormendy relation (KR) and the photometric Fundamental Plane ( FP), which is constructed by using colours in place of velocity dispersions. The scatter does not depend on the waveband and the residuals about the plane do not correlate with residuals of the colour - magnitude relation. This implies either that the scatter of the PHP does not originate from stellar population parameters or that it is the result of a combined effect of such parameters. Finally, we compare the coefficients of the PHP at z similar to 0.3 with those of ETGs at z similar to 0, showing that the PHP is a valuable tool to constrain the luminosity evolution of ETGs with redshift. The slopes of the PHP do not change significantly with redshift, while the zero-point is consistent with cosmological dimming of the surface brightness in an expanding universe plus the passive fading of galaxy stellar populations with a high formation redshift (z(f) > 1 - 2).
2005
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4815300
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