Most reports of post-transplant erythrocytosis have involved kidney recipients and, so far, there have been no large studies of onset of erythrocytosis after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in children. We present a long-term survey of pediatric liver recipients, evaluating prevalence, outcome and the main potential causes of erythrocytosis, including a comprehensive mutational analysis of commonly related genes (mutations of HBB and HBA, JAK2, EPOR, VHL, EPAS1 and EGLN1). Between 2000 and 2015, 90 pediatric OLT recipients were observed for a median period of 8.7 years (range 1–20.4 [IQR 4.9–13.6] years). Five percent of the study population (4 males and 1 female) developed erythrocytosis at 8.5 years post OLT (range 4.1–14.9 [IQR 4.7–14.7]) at a median age of 16.6 years (range 8.2–18.8 [IQR 11.7–17.7]). Erythrocytosis-free survival after OLT was 98.6% at 5 years, 95% at 10 years, and 85% at 15 years, with an incidence rate of 6/1000 person-years. No cardiovascular events or thrombosis were reported. No germinal mutation could be clearly related to the development of erythrocytosis. One patient, with high erythropoietin levels and acquired multiple bilateral renal cysts, developed clinical hyper-viscosity symptoms, and was treated with serial phlebotomies. In conclusion, this prospective longitudinal study showed that erythrocytosis is a rare complication occurring several years after OLT, typically during adolescence. Erythrocytosis was non-progressive and manageable. Its pathogenesis is still not completely understood, although male gender, pubertal age, and renal cysts probably play a role.

Juvenile erythrocytosis in children after liver transplantation: prevalence, risk factors and outcome

Mandato C.;Vajro P.
2020

Abstract

Most reports of post-transplant erythrocytosis have involved kidney recipients and, so far, there have been no large studies of onset of erythrocytosis after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in children. We present a long-term survey of pediatric liver recipients, evaluating prevalence, outcome and the main potential causes of erythrocytosis, including a comprehensive mutational analysis of commonly related genes (mutations of HBB and HBA, JAK2, EPOR, VHL, EPAS1 and EGLN1). Between 2000 and 2015, 90 pediatric OLT recipients were observed for a median period of 8.7 years (range 1–20.4 [IQR 4.9–13.6] years). Five percent of the study population (4 males and 1 female) developed erythrocytosis at 8.5 years post OLT (range 4.1–14.9 [IQR 4.7–14.7]) at a median age of 16.6 years (range 8.2–18.8 [IQR 11.7–17.7]). Erythrocytosis-free survival after OLT was 98.6% at 5 years, 95% at 10 years, and 85% at 15 years, with an incidence rate of 6/1000 person-years. No cardiovascular events or thrombosis were reported. No germinal mutation could be clearly related to the development of erythrocytosis. One patient, with high erythropoietin levels and acquired multiple bilateral renal cysts, developed clinical hyper-viscosity symptoms, and was treated with serial phlebotomies. In conclusion, this prospective longitudinal study showed that erythrocytosis is a rare complication occurring several years after OLT, typically during adolescence. Erythrocytosis was non-progressive and manageable. Its pathogenesis is still not completely understood, although male gender, pubertal age, and renal cysts probably play a role.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4780802
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