Italian statisticians and demographers observed in XXth century that generally the trendto settle in the largest urban areas is leaded by individuals seeking to enhance theirquality of life. Franco Alasia and Danilo Montaldi introduced in 1960 one of the firstresearches on Italian internal migrations recognizing that «migrations have an urbanvocation». Researches made in other national contexts obtained the same conclusions. Itis possible to conclude that migrations have an urban vocation in an increasingintensification period of industrialization.Industrial crisis that started in the second half of the 70's and the following changes of labour market have made less secure the correspondence between city and immigration.Since the 80's the trends of the territorial settlements started to change; while Italy wasbecoming an immigration country, the settlement processes become less predictable andcounter-urbanization and urban diffusion phenomena began.In this deeply change, it is useful to highlight the new spatial distribution of immigrantpopulation and which territorial areas have been most affected by their presence. Overthe last two decades, between 1991 and 2010, this question has become particularly important in Italian case. We can assume that vocation of migration is still urban, but itis associated to the new socio-territorial configurations, as, for example, the periurban or neo-rural configurations, and to new processes of social segregation. The research tries to answer to this question.

Do migrations have an urban vocation yet? New trends in italian territorial settlements

AVALLONE, GENNARO;
2013

Abstract

Italian statisticians and demographers observed in XXth century that generally the trendto settle in the largest urban areas is leaded by individuals seeking to enhance theirquality of life. Franco Alasia and Danilo Montaldi introduced in 1960 one of the firstresearches on Italian internal migrations recognizing that «migrations have an urbanvocation». Researches made in other national contexts obtained the same conclusions. Itis possible to conclude that migrations have an urban vocation in an increasingintensification period of industrialization.Industrial crisis that started in the second half of the 70's and the following changes of labour market have made less secure the correspondence between city and immigration.Since the 80's the trends of the territorial settlements started to change; while Italy wasbecoming an immigration country, the settlement processes become less predictable andcounter-urbanization and urban diffusion phenomena began.In this deeply change, it is useful to highlight the new spatial distribution of immigrantpopulation and which territorial areas have been most affected by their presence. Overthe last two decades, between 1991 and 2010, this question has become particularly important in Italian case. We can assume that vocation of migration is still urban, but itis associated to the new socio-territorial configurations, as, for example, the periurban or neo-rural configurations, and to new processes of social segregation. The research tries to answer to this question.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3973405
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