Introduction The “ecological-contextual” perspective has suggested that the child relational experience (reworked in the adult representation of the child attachment bond) has a direct impact on the bond of a couple. The aim of this study was to determine which attachment models prevail in married couples who choose to adopt and whether they influence the choices made by individuals and married couples, the agreement or crisis in a marriage, the social influences on spouses and their decision-making, as well as the timing to take the adoption path. Method - Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) (George, Kaplan and Main, 1985); - Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) (Parker, Tupling, Brown, 1979), “Scale for the Assessment of parental bonding”; - Questionnaire evaluating the reasons, timing, context and relational aspects relative to the choice of adopting. Participants were 106 spouses, 53 couples, who have applied to adopt at the Juvenile Court of Salerno. All the spouses had no natural children. Results - if an internal mental model of secure attachment prevails even in situations of crisis, such as not having children, the secure subject, even better the secure married couple, will confront the situation and decide, in a relatively short time, to implement alternative strategies, such as, adopt; - if, instead, there is a prevailing model of worried attachment, in crisis situations, such as not having children, the person concerned, or worse still the couple with a worried IWM, enter into crisis with themselves and/or their partners before addressing the situation and will do so after a long time, deciding to adopt in order to merely rearrange the internal equilibrium of the couple as well as conform to the stereotype of traditional family, that is with the children; - finally, if in the spouse or couples, there is a prevailing a model of distancing attachment, even in situations of crisis, such as not having children, the distancing subject, or even worse, the couple with a distancing IWM, will address the situation with emotional detachment, as if there is no problem, and, only if persuaded by others, will implement alternative strategies, such as adopting, but, generally, after a long time and only as a last resort.

Models of family attachment and their influence on the choice of adoption

SAVARESE, Giulia
2013

Abstract

Introduction The “ecological-contextual” perspective has suggested that the child relational experience (reworked in the adult representation of the child attachment bond) has a direct impact on the bond of a couple. The aim of this study was to determine which attachment models prevail in married couples who choose to adopt and whether they influence the choices made by individuals and married couples, the agreement or crisis in a marriage, the social influences on spouses and their decision-making, as well as the timing to take the adoption path. Method - Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) (George, Kaplan and Main, 1985); - Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) (Parker, Tupling, Brown, 1979), “Scale for the Assessment of parental bonding”; - Questionnaire evaluating the reasons, timing, context and relational aspects relative to the choice of adopting. Participants were 106 spouses, 53 couples, who have applied to adopt at the Juvenile Court of Salerno. All the spouses had no natural children. Results - if an internal mental model of secure attachment prevails even in situations of crisis, such as not having children, the secure subject, even better the secure married couple, will confront the situation and decide, in a relatively short time, to implement alternative strategies, such as, adopt; - if, instead, there is a prevailing model of worried attachment, in crisis situations, such as not having children, the person concerned, or worse still the couple with a worried IWM, enter into crisis with themselves and/or their partners before addressing the situation and will do so after a long time, deciding to adopt in order to merely rearrange the internal equilibrium of the couple as well as conform to the stereotype of traditional family, that is with the children; - finally, if in the spouse or couples, there is a prevailing a model of distancing attachment, even in situations of crisis, such as not having children, the distancing subject, or even worse, the couple with a distancing IWM, will address the situation with emotional detachment, as if there is no problem, and, only if persuaded by others, will implement alternative strategies, such as adopting, but, generally, after a long time and only as a last resort.
978-88-7587-695-1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4017855
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