In these last years local policies in support of the automotive industry in Italy have increased, in order to contrast the crisis of supply chain or, in some cases, to support the internalization, the export and the diversification of production. The aim of this work is to map a frame of these initiatives and their distribution on the national territory. Over the years, Italian automotive production has been concentrated in southern regions. In the north of Italy the largest and most qualified production of car components remained, mainly from firms who are export-oriented and less dependent from Fiat Group. Consequently, the recent crisis has had different consequences on the national territory depending on the different characteristics of the local automotive segment. In the article we analyse the consequences of these regional differences and the role of the national government in supporting the sole Italian automotive producer corporation (Fiat). We also consider some specific initiatives promoted in the three regions where the Italian production of car components is concentrated (Piedmont, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna). In the conclusions we discuss a possible medium-term scenario in which Fiat group could decide to produce abroad high volumes models while keeping in Italy the production of premium brands, that have significantly lower production volumes.

Local industrial policy for the automotive industry in Italy: Innovation, export support and the crisis of the Fiat Group

BUBBICO, Davide
2013

Abstract

In these last years local policies in support of the automotive industry in Italy have increased, in order to contrast the crisis of supply chain or, in some cases, to support the internalization, the export and the diversification of production. The aim of this work is to map a frame of these initiatives and their distribution on the national territory. Over the years, Italian automotive production has been concentrated in southern regions. In the north of Italy the largest and most qualified production of car components remained, mainly from firms who are export-oriented and less dependent from Fiat Group. Consequently, the recent crisis has had different consequences on the national territory depending on the different characteristics of the local automotive segment. In the article we analyse the consequences of these regional differences and the role of the national government in supporting the sole Italian automotive producer corporation (Fiat). We also consider some specific initiatives promoted in the three regions where the Italian production of car components is concentrated (Piedmont, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna). In the conclusions we discuss a possible medium-term scenario in which Fiat group could decide to produce abroad high volumes models while keeping in Italy the production of premium brands, that have significantly lower production volumes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4394053
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