Cold gas dynamic spraying (CGDS) is an emerging technique that involves the surface modification in order to provide enhanced surface properties on material substrates. Particles, with size in the range of 1–50 μm, are accelerated by a supersonic jet gas up to 1200 m/s and impact on the substrate surface. Under specific conditions, the metal powders undergo a severe plastic deformation and adhere to the substrate. In the last decades, the cold spraying of several materials, like copper, aluminium and iron, has been widely explored providing optimal processing windows for a wide range of material pairs. Titanium and its alloys are finding a widespread use in many strategic industries, namely, aeronautic and aerospace field, due to the lightweight, high corrosion resistance and compatibility with polymer-reinforced composites, as well as in the biomedical sector, due to their biocompatibility. However, the high cost of raw materials and the manufacturing issues put severe restrictions to their wider use. On the other hand, replacement of titanium bulk with multilayer material, consisting in a cold sprayed titanium coating on aluminium components, could be a promising alternative and an advantageous trade-off between the cost compression and the higher surface properties of titanium alloy. The present chapter deals with the analysis of the deposition of pure titanium coatings on aluminium alloy substrate by means of low-pressure cold gas spray technique and deals also with the study of the properties of multilayer material. A post-deposition process to further improve the properties of the coating itself was also analysed.
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