Soil contamination is an issue of paramount importance to assess human health (HHRA) as well as ecological (ERA) risk assessment. To analyze risk scenarios related to contaminated soils, the identification of sources, either of primary or secondary type, as well as the assessment of propagation and fate processes is needed. Although many studies refer to the transport of pollutants in fully saturated porous media, little efforts have been made concerning the case of partially saturated soils so far. The matter is of interest as the contamination in the fully saturated region may take place as a result of the percolation in the vadose zone. Governing equations ruling fate and transport processes in partially saturated soils are here solved numerically by means of a finite element method approach. Richards equations are adopted to describe flow dynamics through the hydraulic conductivity coefficient Ks, while contaminant fate is mainly described by the sorption coefficient Kp. As for the boundary conditions, we consider a local and continuous spill of contaminant at the upper ground of variable thickness. Precipitations are given as step functions whose intensity is derived by considering pluviometric data at the station of Gròmola, Campania Region, Italy. Benzene and tetrachloroethylene (PCE) are taken into account. A comparative analysis is carried out for permeability Ks and distribution Kd coefficients in the range [10−6, 10−4] m/s and [10−5, 10−3] m3/kg. Results are then compared and discussed.
|Titolo:||Numerical Modeling on Fate and Transport of Pollutants in the Vadose Zone|
VICCIONE, Giacomo [Membro del Collaboration Group] (Corresponding)
STOPPIELLO, MARIA GRAZIA [Membro del Collaboration Group]
CASCINI, Leonardo [Membro del Collaboration Group]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1.1 Articolo su libro con DOI|