The aim of this study was to carry out a descriptive analysis to investigate possible relationships between mobility and cognitive development in children of the kindergarten. Method: The study evaluated 123 children, male and female, between the ages of 3 and 6 years. Motors tests for the evaluation of motor skills and the potential intelligence tests were performed on the entire group. Results: The survey has highlighted a relationship between coordinative capabilities and intelligence potential. This study has focused more attention on two variables: potential intelligence and gross-motor skills. In the entire sample analyzed the correlation between them is significant, but not enough to suggest that there is a cause and effect relationship because other variables could be the causes of the effects. The trend of two variables in the individual groups divided by age groups (3,4,5 years old) presents positive values of the correlation coefficient. Conclusions: Motor activity, and particularly the training of coordinative capacity, could be one of the factors that contributes to increasing the potential for cognitive development in children.
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