The management of post-consumer plastic waste (PCPW) is a real challenging issue due to difficulties in effectively identifying and sorting the collected plastics and in their mechanical recycling. Indeed, mechanically recycled post-consumer plastic waste usually shows poor performances compared to virgin materials, due to incompatibility between constituents, presence of degraded materials, hygroscopicity and bad odors. Compatibilizers and nanoparticles can help to improve recycled plastics quality, but to be chosen and dosed properly they require an in-depth knowledge and characterization of the raw waste. In this study, an analysis of polymeric materials obtained from the separation and mechanical recycling of mixed post-consumer plastic wastes from urban collection as pellets (UPW) is reported. In particular, the experimental characterization was carried out in order to identify UPW composition, water content, physical-chemical properties and processability. It was found that UPW samples are mainly constituted of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) in equal parts. UPW was submitted to a melt processing operation, using a labscale single-screw extruder, obtaining ribbons that were completely characterized. With the aim to investigate the effect of water content on the recycled material processability and performance, the recycling process was carried out both on undried and dried UPW pellets.

A preliminary study on recyclability of mixed plastic wastes recovered from urban collection

Ferraioli R.
;
Incarnato L.;Di Maio L.;Scarfato P.
2021

Abstract

The management of post-consumer plastic waste (PCPW) is a real challenging issue due to difficulties in effectively identifying and sorting the collected plastics and in their mechanical recycling. Indeed, mechanically recycled post-consumer plastic waste usually shows poor performances compared to virgin materials, due to incompatibility between constituents, presence of degraded materials, hygroscopicity and bad odors. Compatibilizers and nanoparticles can help to improve recycled plastics quality, but to be chosen and dosed properly they require an in-depth knowledge and characterization of the raw waste. In this study, an analysis of polymeric materials obtained from the separation and mechanical recycling of mixed post-consumer plastic wastes from urban collection as pellets (UPW) is reported. In particular, the experimental characterization was carried out in order to identify UPW composition, water content, physical-chemical properties and processability. It was found that UPW samples are mainly constituted of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) in equal parts. UPW was submitted to a melt processing operation, using a labscale single-screw extruder, obtaining ribbons that were completely characterized. With the aim to investigate the effect of water content on the recycled material processability and performance, the recycling process was carried out both on undried and dried UPW pellets.
978-303571795-2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4780473
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