This paper presents the results of an experimental analysis which compares in terms of energetic performances the refrigeration capacity control obtained by means of a variable-speed compressor with the on/off control deriving from a classical thermostatic device. The compressor considered is semi-hermetic reciprocating and is a component of a vapour compression refrigeration plant subjected to a commercially available cold store. The compressor working with the fluids R22, R507 and R407C and designed for a revolution speed corresponding to the compressor supply current nominal frequency of 50 Hz, has been tested varying the frequency in the range 30–50 Hz. In this range, the most suitable working fluids proposed as substitutes of the R22 as the R407C (R32/R125/R134a 23/25/52% in mass), the R507 (R125/R143A 50/ 50% in mass) and the R417A (R125/R134a/R600 46.6/50/3.4% in mass) have been tested. The results show that, using the R407C, it is possible an average an electric energy consumption about 12% smaller when an inverter is employed to control the compressor refrigeration capacity instead of the thermostatic control which imposes on/off cycles on the compressor, working at the nominal frequency of 50 Hz. So the R407C confirms its superiority in comparison with the R417A and R507; only the R22 shows a better performance.

An evaluation of R22 substitutes performances regulating continuously the compressor refrigeration capacity

APREA, Ciro;RENNO, Carlo;
2004

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an experimental analysis which compares in terms of energetic performances the refrigeration capacity control obtained by means of a variable-speed compressor with the on/off control deriving from a classical thermostatic device. The compressor considered is semi-hermetic reciprocating and is a component of a vapour compression refrigeration plant subjected to a commercially available cold store. The compressor working with the fluids R22, R507 and R407C and designed for a revolution speed corresponding to the compressor supply current nominal frequency of 50 Hz, has been tested varying the frequency in the range 30–50 Hz. In this range, the most suitable working fluids proposed as substitutes of the R22 as the R407C (R32/R125/R134a 23/25/52% in mass), the R507 (R125/R143A 50/ 50% in mass) and the R417A (R125/R134a/R600 46.6/50/3.4% in mass) have been tested. The results show that, using the R407C, it is possible an average an electric energy consumption about 12% smaller when an inverter is employed to control the compressor refrigeration capacity instead of the thermostatic control which imposes on/off cycles on the compressor, working at the nominal frequency of 50 Hz. So the R407C confirms its superiority in comparison with the R417A and R507; only the R22 shows a better performance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/1000233
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