We present a detailed report on the decoherence of quantum states of continuous variable systems under the action of a quantum optical master equation resulting from the interaction with general Gaussian uncorrelated environments. The rate of decoherence is quantified by relating it to the decay rates of various, complementary measures of the quantum nature of a state, such as the purity, some non-classicality indicators in phase space, and, for two-mode states, entanglement measures and total correlations between the modes. Different sets of physically relevant initial configurations are considered, including one- and two-mode Gaussian states, number states, and coherent superpositions. Our analysis shows that, generally, the use of initially squeezed configurations does not help to preserve the coherence of Gaussian states, whereas it can be effective in protecting coherent superpositions of both number states and Gaussian wavepackets.
|Titolo:||Quantifying decoherence in continuous variable systems|
|Autori interni:||ILLUMINATI, Fabrizio|
DE SIENA, Silvio
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF OPTICS|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.2 Articolo su rivista con ISSN|