In this work the effect of three processing cycles on the physical properties of polypropylene (PP) was studied and related to the changes in the structure (molecular weight, molecular weight distribution, morphology) occurring during recycling. In order to simulate both the use and the recycling process of PP in the laboratory, PP pellets were contaminated with three model substances and submitted to three cycles of processing by injection molding. The bars for testing were produced from virgin and recycled polymers. The amount of degradation occurring during the reprocessing was estimated by means of viscosity and gel permeation chromatography measurements. Differential scanning calorimetry and scanning electron microscopy analyses were performed to investigate the crystallization behavior and the morphology of virgin and recycled PP. In order to obtain information on the structural organization and mobility of the amorphous phase, a dynamic mechanical thermal analysis and measurements of the transport properties were carried out. The results obtained were attributed to the different structural organization of the bars in relation to the number of processing cycles and contamination. Part of the work was focused on the recyclability of PP for food packaging applications, considering the residual contamination and migrational behavior after repeated processing cycles. In particular, the relationships existing between reprocessing, the residual amounts of contaminants, and the migrational behavior were investigated

Influence of recycling and contamination on the structure and transport properties of polypropylene

INCARNATO, Loredana;SCARFATO, Paola;
2003

Abstract

In this work the effect of three processing cycles on the physical properties of polypropylene (PP) was studied and related to the changes in the structure (molecular weight, molecular weight distribution, morphology) occurring during recycling. In order to simulate both the use and the recycling process of PP in the laboratory, PP pellets were contaminated with three model substances and submitted to three cycles of processing by injection molding. The bars for testing were produced from virgin and recycled polymers. The amount of degradation occurring during the reprocessing was estimated by means of viscosity and gel permeation chromatography measurements. Differential scanning calorimetry and scanning electron microscopy analyses were performed to investigate the crystallization behavior and the morphology of virgin and recycled PP. In order to obtain information on the structural organization and mobility of the amorphous phase, a dynamic mechanical thermal analysis and measurements of the transport properties were carried out. The results obtained were attributed to the different structural organization of the bars in relation to the number of processing cycles and contamination. Part of the work was focused on the recyclability of PP for food packaging applications, considering the residual contamination and migrational behavior after repeated processing cycles. In particular, the relationships existing between reprocessing, the residual amounts of contaminants, and the migrational behavior were investigated
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/1001790
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