The production of biaxially oriented films can be performed with two techniques: the tenter frame and the double bubble process. The most important difference between the two processes is that in tubular orientation the MD and TD stretching are simultaneous. This event is very important specially in the case of biaxially oriented polyamide films to avoid hydrogen bonding which occur during the first stretching stage of tenter frame process and cause resistance to subsequent transverse direction orientation (1-4). Double bubble process consists in the stretching of a tubular film where the stretching ratios in the machine and transverse directions are determined by inside bubble pressure and the difference in roll speeds between the two sets of nips rolls that contain the bubble. The work presented here reports some results about double bubble polyamide films realised with a laboratory scale system. The study concerns the processability (5-6) of two different polyamides: a nylon 6 (PA6) and a copolymer of the nylon 6 with isophthalic acid and isophorondiamine (PA6 - IPA.IPD) at 5% w/w of comonomer. Two main process arrangements where adopted differing for first bubble cooling technique: a water cooling and a air cooling. The films produced in both conditions were then characterised with a particular regard to mechanical and barrier performances. Morphological analyses were also carried out in order to correlate the process conditions to structure and properties of films.

Biaxial orientation of polyamide films: processability and properties

DI MAIO, Luciano;SCARFATO, Paola;INCARNATO, Loredana;
2002

Abstract

The production of biaxially oriented films can be performed with two techniques: the tenter frame and the double bubble process. The most important difference between the two processes is that in tubular orientation the MD and TD stretching are simultaneous. This event is very important specially in the case of biaxially oriented polyamide films to avoid hydrogen bonding which occur during the first stretching stage of tenter frame process and cause resistance to subsequent transverse direction orientation (1-4). Double bubble process consists in the stretching of a tubular film where the stretching ratios in the machine and transverse directions are determined by inside bubble pressure and the difference in roll speeds between the two sets of nips rolls that contain the bubble. The work presented here reports some results about double bubble polyamide films realised with a laboratory scale system. The study concerns the processability (5-6) of two different polyamides: a nylon 6 (PA6) and a copolymer of the nylon 6 with isophthalic acid and isophorondiamine (PA6 - IPA.IPD) at 5% w/w of comonomer. Two main process arrangements where adopted differing for first bubble cooling technique: a water cooling and a air cooling. The films produced in both conditions were then characterised with a particular regard to mechanical and barrier performances. Morphological analyses were also carried out in order to correlate the process conditions to structure and properties of films.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/1001792
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