The technique of high energy ball milling (HEBM) was used to prepare nanocomposites of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and an organically modified Mg–Al layered double hydroxide. The amount of inorganic material was varied from 0 to 6 wt%, and the samples were melted and quenched in ice–water after milling. The molecular weight of PCL decreased and its distribution increased as a consequence of milling. The structural analysis of the milled samples, conducted by X-ray diffraction and infrared absorption techniques, showed that the 12-hydroxydodecanoates organic modifier was still attached to the inorganic lamellae even if a partial delamination of the layered compounds occurred. The mechanical parameters (modulus, stress at yield point, strain at break point and stress at break values) derived from the stress– strain curves, improved in the composite samples containing up to 2.8 wt% of inorganic filler, with respect to the pure polymer, in spite of the molecular weight decrease. The thermodynamic diffusion coefficient of water vapor in composite samples was lower than in pure PCL, indicating an improvement of the barrier effect

Incorporation of Mg-Al hydrotalcite into a biodegradable poly (epsilon, caprolactone) by high energy ball milling

SORRENTINO, Andrea;GORRASI, Giuliana;VITTORIA, Vittoria;
2005

Abstract

The technique of high energy ball milling (HEBM) was used to prepare nanocomposites of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and an organically modified Mg–Al layered double hydroxide. The amount of inorganic material was varied from 0 to 6 wt%, and the samples were melted and quenched in ice–water after milling. The molecular weight of PCL decreased and its distribution increased as a consequence of milling. The structural analysis of the milled samples, conducted by X-ray diffraction and infrared absorption techniques, showed that the 12-hydroxydodecanoates organic modifier was still attached to the inorganic lamellae even if a partial delamination of the layered compounds occurred. The mechanical parameters (modulus, stress at yield point, strain at break point and stress at break values) derived from the stress– strain curves, improved in the composite samples containing up to 2.8 wt% of inorganic filler, with respect to the pure polymer, in spite of the molecular weight decrease. The thermodynamic diffusion coefficient of water vapor in composite samples was lower than in pure PCL, indicating an improvement of the barrier effect
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/1060654
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