12-Hydroxydodecanoate (HD) anions were intercalated, via an ionexchange procedure, onto a Mg/Al hydrotalcite-like compound. The obtained intercalate, characterized by chemical and thermal analyses, X-ray powder diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, with interlayer distance of 2.27 nm. Structural considerations indicated that the charge balancing anions were accommodated in the interlayer region as a monofilm of partially interdigitated alkyl chains in a trans planar conformation and bearing the alcoholic group. The organically modified hydrotalcite was used to prepare novel composites based on poly(e-caprolactone) (PCL) with different procedures: (1) solvent casting, (2) ring-opening polymerization of e-caprolactone, and (3) blending of precursors consisting of a PCL intercalated oligomer with a high-molecular-weight PCL. Microcomposites were obtained by the solvent casting of a mixture of a high-molecular-weight PCL and the modified hydrotalcite. The ring-opening polymerization of e-caprolactone initiated by the hydroxyl groups of the alkyl chains intercalated in the hydrotalcite led to hybrid materials in which a low-molecular-weight PCL was in part intercalated into the modified hydrotalcite. Nanocomposites containing exfoliated hydrotalcite were obtained through the mixing, in different weight ratios, of hybrids consisting of PCL oligomers and modified hydrotalcite with a commercial high-molecular-weight PCL.

Methods of preparation of novel composites of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) and a modified Mg/Al hydrotalcite

TAMMARO, LOREDANA;TORTORA, Mariarosaria;VITTORIA, Vittoria;
2005

Abstract

12-Hydroxydodecanoate (HD) anions were intercalated, via an ionexchange procedure, onto a Mg/Al hydrotalcite-like compound. The obtained intercalate, characterized by chemical and thermal analyses, X-ray powder diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, with interlayer distance of 2.27 nm. Structural considerations indicated that the charge balancing anions were accommodated in the interlayer region as a monofilm of partially interdigitated alkyl chains in a trans planar conformation and bearing the alcoholic group. The organically modified hydrotalcite was used to prepare novel composites based on poly(e-caprolactone) (PCL) with different procedures: (1) solvent casting, (2) ring-opening polymerization of e-caprolactone, and (3) blending of precursors consisting of a PCL intercalated oligomer with a high-molecular-weight PCL. Microcomposites were obtained by the solvent casting of a mixture of a high-molecular-weight PCL and the modified hydrotalcite. The ring-opening polymerization of e-caprolactone initiated by the hydroxyl groups of the alkyl chains intercalated in the hydrotalcite led to hybrid materials in which a low-molecular-weight PCL was in part intercalated into the modified hydrotalcite. Nanocomposites containing exfoliated hydrotalcite were obtained through the mixing, in different weight ratios, of hybrids consisting of PCL oligomers and modified hydrotalcite with a commercial high-molecular-weight PCL.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/1062427
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