This study was performed in order to examine whether the uraemic toxin, methylguanidine (MG), can modulate tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) release by activated macrophages. In this study we have evaluated the ability of MG to influence TNF alpha release in vitro, in Escherichia coli lypopolysaccharide- (LPS)-stimulated J774 cells preincubated overnight with MG, and in vivo in rats treated with MG before and after LPS challenge. Parallel experiments employing N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl esther (L-NAME) were also carried out for comparison. The effect of LPS (6 x 10(3) u/ml) on TNF alpha release by J774, following overnight incubation with MG or L-NAME (1 mM), was examined 3 hours after LPS challenge. LPS-stimulated J774 released 287.83+/-88 u/ml TNF alpha into the culture medium. MG (1 mM) significantly inhibited TNF alpha release by 73% (P<0.05). L-NAME (1 mM) significantly inhibited TNF alpha release too by 72.88% (P<0.05). The effect of MG and L-NAME have been also studied in vivo. Serum TNF alpha levels in LPS treated rats 2 h after LPS challenge were 88.33+/-31.7 u/ml as compared to the serum TNF alpha levels of control rats (undetectable). Treatment of rats with MG (30 mg/kg, i.p.) strongly and significantly reduced TNF alpha release (98.71% inhibition; with P<0.001); in the same experimental setting L-NAME (10 mg/kg, i.p.) also significantly reduced TNF alpha serum levels (76.47% inhibition; with P<0.01). These results could indicate that immune disfunction related to uremia may be related to the inhibitory capability of uremic catabolyte, MG, on TNF alpha synthesis and release.

IN VITRO AND IN VIVO TNF-alfa SYNTHESIS MODULATION BY METHYLGUANIDINE, AN UREMIC CATABOLYTE.

AUTORE, Giuseppina;MARZOCCO, STEFANIA;PINTO, Aldo
1999

Abstract

This study was performed in order to examine whether the uraemic toxin, methylguanidine (MG), can modulate tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) release by activated macrophages. In this study we have evaluated the ability of MG to influence TNF alpha release in vitro, in Escherichia coli lypopolysaccharide- (LPS)-stimulated J774 cells preincubated overnight with MG, and in vivo in rats treated with MG before and after LPS challenge. Parallel experiments employing N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl esther (L-NAME) were also carried out for comparison. The effect of LPS (6 x 10(3) u/ml) on TNF alpha release by J774, following overnight incubation with MG or L-NAME (1 mM), was examined 3 hours after LPS challenge. LPS-stimulated J774 released 287.83+/-88 u/ml TNF alpha into the culture medium. MG (1 mM) significantly inhibited TNF alpha release by 73% (P<0.05). L-NAME (1 mM) significantly inhibited TNF alpha release too by 72.88% (P<0.05). The effect of MG and L-NAME have been also studied in vivo. Serum TNF alpha levels in LPS treated rats 2 h after LPS challenge were 88.33+/-31.7 u/ml as compared to the serum TNF alpha levels of control rats (undetectable). Treatment of rats with MG (30 mg/kg, i.p.) strongly and significantly reduced TNF alpha release (98.71% inhibition; with P<0.001); in the same experimental setting L-NAME (10 mg/kg, i.p.) also significantly reduced TNF alpha serum levels (76.47% inhibition; with P<0.01). These results could indicate that immune disfunction related to uremia may be related to the inhibitory capability of uremic catabolyte, MG, on TNF alpha synthesis and release.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/1129019
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact