Starting from a yeast phenotypic screening performed on 21 compounds, we described the identification of two small molecules (9 and 18) able to significantly reduce the S. cerevisiae cell growth, thus miming the effect of GCN5 deletion mutant. Tested on a GCN5-dependent gene transcription assay, compounds 9 and 18 gave a high reduction of the reporter activity. In S. cerevisiae histone H3 terminal tails assay, the H3 acetylation levels were highly reduced by treatment with 0.6−1 mM 9, while 18 was effective only at 1.5 mM. In human leukemia U937 cell line, at 1 mM 9 and 18 showed effects on cell cycle (arrest in G1 phase, 9), apoptosis (9), and granulocytic differentiation (18). When tested on U937 cell nuclear extracts to evaluate their histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitory action, both compounds were able to reduce the enzyme activity when used at 500 μM. Another quinoline, compound 22, was synthesized with the aim to improve the activity observed with 9 and 18. Tested in the HAT assay, 22 was able to reduce the HAT catalytic action at 50 and 25 μM, thereby being comparable to anacardic acid, curcumin, and MB-3 used as references. Finally, in U937 cells, compounds 9 and 18 used at 2.5 mM were able to reduce the extent of the acetylation levels of histone H3 (9) and α-tubulin (9 and 18). In the same assay, 22 at lower concentration (100 μM) showed the same hypoacetylating effects with both histone and non-histone substrates.
|Titolo:||Small-Molecule Inhibitors of Histone Acetyltransferase Activity: Identification and Biological Properties|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|