he low-temperature critical properties and crossovers of a spin- 1 2 planar ferromagnet in a longitudinal magnetic field are explored in 4-ε dimensions in terms of an anisotropic bosonic action, suitable to describe the spin model in the low-temperature regime. This is performed adopting a procedure, which combines a preliminary averaging over dynamic degrees of freedom and a next static Wilson renormalization group transformation. We work to one-loop level to obtain results which are exact to first order in ε and believed to be qualitatively correct for 2<d<4. Within this static framework, we get the phase boundary, ending in a quantum critical point, and the general expressions for the correlation length and susceptibility as functions of the temperature and the applied magnetic field within the disordered phase. With these basic ingredients, the critical properties and a rich crossover scenario in the influence domain of the quantum critical point are derived in a simple and transparent way. Remarkably, one can speculate that the crossovers, found to occur decreasing the temperature with the magnetic field fixed at its quantum critical point value, might be actually observable in complex magnetic compounds, as suggested by recent experiments.

Low-temperature critical properties and crossovers of a spin-1/2 planar ferromagnet in 4-epsilon dimensions

MERCALDO, Maria Teresa;RABUFFO, Ileana;DE CESARE, Luigi;
2008

Abstract

he low-temperature critical properties and crossovers of a spin- 1 2 planar ferromagnet in a longitudinal magnetic field are explored in 4-ε dimensions in terms of an anisotropic bosonic action, suitable to describe the spin model in the low-temperature regime. This is performed adopting a procedure, which combines a preliminary averaging over dynamic degrees of freedom and a next static Wilson renormalization group transformation. We work to one-loop level to obtain results which are exact to first order in ε and believed to be qualitatively correct for 2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/1851010
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