From the earliest centuries of the Christian era, human reason was submitted to a particular formal conditioning, in so far as it was necessarily obliged to confront the contents of a divine revelation recognized as necessarily ‘true’. The medieval Latin scholar was induced by the social and cultural peculiarities of his time to confront a model of thought which imposed a decisive subordination of natural knowledge – demonstrated to be imperfect and inconclusive – to the certainties assured by the faith. The production of this model of philosophia, significantly different from the dominant paradigms in the classical period, rooted itself in the critical redimensioning of reason which Cicero introduced into the West. Departing from the observation of the failure of the philosophical aspirations of antiquity, the Christian intellectuals effected an operative ‘overturning’ of the conditions of veridical knowledge. The new wisdom was not entirely the result of religion interfering in the field of rational science, but it was shaped by a conscious ‘conversion’ of the philosophers and reached fulfillment under two principles: faith, which requires earthly knowledge in order to defend itself from misunderstandings and heresies; and reason, which allows itself to draw upon supernatural revelation for the possession of regulatory principles which guide it in the study of natural things. This book investigates the development of this approach during the course of the centuries which in the West precede the rediscovery of Aristotelian epistemology: from Augustine to Boethius, from John Scotus Eriugena to Anselm of Aosta. It concludes by describing the return of this methodological approach at the end of the Medieval Scholastic period, as the results of the antiaristotelian critique carried out by the men of the Renaissance through the recovery of a model of thought which had dominated in the Patristic and Early Medieval periods.

Vera philosophia. Studies in Late Antique, Early Medieval and Renaissance Christian Thought

D'ONOFRIO, Giulio
2008-01-01

Abstract

From the earliest centuries of the Christian era, human reason was submitted to a particular formal conditioning, in so far as it was necessarily obliged to confront the contents of a divine revelation recognized as necessarily ‘true’. The medieval Latin scholar was induced by the social and cultural peculiarities of his time to confront a model of thought which imposed a decisive subordination of natural knowledge – demonstrated to be imperfect and inconclusive – to the certainties assured by the faith. The production of this model of philosophia, significantly different from the dominant paradigms in the classical period, rooted itself in the critical redimensioning of reason which Cicero introduced into the West. Departing from the observation of the failure of the philosophical aspirations of antiquity, the Christian intellectuals effected an operative ‘overturning’ of the conditions of veridical knowledge. The new wisdom was not entirely the result of religion interfering in the field of rational science, but it was shaped by a conscious ‘conversion’ of the philosophers and reached fulfillment under two principles: faith, which requires earthly knowledge in order to defend itself from misunderstandings and heresies; and reason, which allows itself to draw upon supernatural revelation for the possession of regulatory principles which guide it in the study of natural things. This book investigates the development of this approach during the course of the centuries which in the West precede the rediscovery of Aristotelian epistemology: from Augustine to Boethius, from John Scotus Eriugena to Anselm of Aosta. It concludes by describing the return of this methodological approach at the end of the Medieval Scholastic period, as the results of the antiaristotelian critique carried out by the men of the Renaissance through the recovery of a model of thought which had dominated in the Patristic and Early Medieval periods.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/1861285
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