The endocannabinoid system regulates food intake, energy, and glucose metabolism at both central and peripheral levels. We have investigated the mechanism by which it may control glucose uptake in skeletal muscle cells. Detectable levels of the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) were revealed in L6 cells. Exposure of differentiated L6 myotubes to the CB1 antagonist rimonabant (SR141716) selectively increased 2-deoxyglucose uptake (2-DG) in a time- and dose-dependent manner. A similar effect was induced by genetic silencing of CB1 by small interfering RNA. Protein expression profiling revealed that both the regulatory p85 and the catalytic p110 subunits of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) were increased by SR141716. No significant change in the cellular content of other known molecules regulating PI3K was observed. However, phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, Akt/protein kinase B, and protein kinase Czeta activities were rapidly induced after SR141716 treatment of L6 cells in a PI3K-dependent manner. The stimulatory effect of SR141716 on PI3K expression and activity was largely prevented by N-[2-(4-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinoline (H-89), an inhibitor of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Moreover, SR141716-stimulated 2-DG uptake was blunted by the coincubation either with H-89 or with the PI3K inhibitor 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-1(4H)-benzopyran-4-one hydrochloride (LY294002), both in L6 cells and in mouse primary myocytes. Thus, modulation of CB1 regulates glucose uptake at the level of the PI3K signaling system in skeletal muscle cells. Interfering with CB1 signaling may therefore ameliorate glucoregulatory functions in peripheral tissues.

The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist Rimonabant stimulates 2-deoxyglucose uptake in skeletal muscle cells by regulating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activity.

PROTO MC;GAZZERRO, Patrizia;BIFULCO, Maurizio
2008

Abstract

The endocannabinoid system regulates food intake, energy, and glucose metabolism at both central and peripheral levels. We have investigated the mechanism by which it may control glucose uptake in skeletal muscle cells. Detectable levels of the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) were revealed in L6 cells. Exposure of differentiated L6 myotubes to the CB1 antagonist rimonabant (SR141716) selectively increased 2-deoxyglucose uptake (2-DG) in a time- and dose-dependent manner. A similar effect was induced by genetic silencing of CB1 by small interfering RNA. Protein expression profiling revealed that both the regulatory p85 and the catalytic p110 subunits of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) were increased by SR141716. No significant change in the cellular content of other known molecules regulating PI3K was observed. However, phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, Akt/protein kinase B, and protein kinase Czeta activities were rapidly induced after SR141716 treatment of L6 cells in a PI3K-dependent manner. The stimulatory effect of SR141716 on PI3K expression and activity was largely prevented by N-[2-(4-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinoline (H-89), an inhibitor of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Moreover, SR141716-stimulated 2-DG uptake was blunted by the coincubation either with H-89 or with the PI3K inhibitor 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-1(4H)-benzopyran-4-one hydrochloride (LY294002), both in L6 cells and in mouse primary myocytes. Thus, modulation of CB1 regulates glucose uptake at the level of the PI3K signaling system in skeletal muscle cells. Interfering with CB1 signaling may therefore ameliorate glucoregulatory functions in peripheral tissues.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/1864413
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