The influence of thermal treatments and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction procedures on the crystal structure and morphology of sPS aerogels is investigated mainly by wide-angle X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The use of supercritical CO2 extraction treatments allows the obtaining of high porosity aerogels with fibrillar morphology, not only exhibiting the nanoporous δ phase but also the dense γ and beta crystalline phases. Moreover, a procedure to obtain high-porosity aerogels exhibiting the recently discovered nanoporous ε-form is described. Measurements of the sorption capacity of organic molecules from diluted aqueous solutions, for aerogels presenting different crystalline phases, clearly indicate that ε-form aerogels are the only ones suitable for detection and removal of long organic pollutants.

Syndiotatic Polystyrene Aerogels with beta, gamma and epsilon Crystalline Phases

DANIEL, Christophe;GUERRA, Gaetano
2009-01-01

Abstract

The influence of thermal treatments and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction procedures on the crystal structure and morphology of sPS aerogels is investigated mainly by wide-angle X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The use of supercritical CO2 extraction treatments allows the obtaining of high porosity aerogels with fibrillar morphology, not only exhibiting the nanoporous δ phase but also the dense γ and beta crystalline phases. Moreover, a procedure to obtain high-porosity aerogels exhibiting the recently discovered nanoporous ε-form is described. Measurements of the sorption capacity of organic molecules from diluted aqueous solutions, for aerogels presenting different crystalline phases, clearly indicate that ε-form aerogels are the only ones suitable for detection and removal of long organic pollutants.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/2500080
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