Trefoil factors (TFFs) are gastrointestinal peptides playing an essential role in the epithelial restitution. Among the three known TFF peptides, TFF1 is characterized by three disulfide bonds producing a compact globular structure and an extended and disordered tail formed by amino- and carboxy-termini. The presence of a cysteine surrounded by several nega- tively charged residues in this region of the protein, highly conserved in different species, suggests the possible formation of a metal-binding site. Affinity chromatography and mass spectrometric analyses allowed us to demonstrate a selective binding affinity of TFF1 for copper. The binding induces conformational changes in the tertiary structure as demon- strated by circular dichroism experiments, while limited proteolysis revealed an altered access to the cleavage sites in the amino- and carboxy-termini. The results of this study reveal a new property of TFF1 and suggest that copper could influence its biological activities by interfering with the dimerization of the peptide and/or the interaction with mucins or putative TFF receptors. # 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Copper-binding activity of Trefoil factor 1 (TFF1): a new perspective in the study of the multifunctional roles of TFFs.

TOSCO, ALESSANDRA;MONTI, Maria Chiara;FONTANELLA, BIANCA;LEONE, Arturo;MARZULLO, Liberato
2007

Abstract

Trefoil factors (TFFs) are gastrointestinal peptides playing an essential role in the epithelial restitution. Among the three known TFF peptides, TFF1 is characterized by three disulfide bonds producing a compact globular structure and an extended and disordered tail formed by amino- and carboxy-termini. The presence of a cysteine surrounded by several nega- tively charged residues in this region of the protein, highly conserved in different species, suggests the possible formation of a metal-binding site. Affinity chromatography and mass spectrometric analyses allowed us to demonstrate a selective binding affinity of TFF1 for copper. The binding induces conformational changes in the tertiary structure as demon- strated by circular dichroism experiments, while limited proteolysis revealed an altered access to the cleavage sites in the amino- and carboxy-termini. The results of this study reveal a new property of TFF1 and suggest that copper could influence its biological activities by interfering with the dimerization of the peptide and/or the interaction with mucins or putative TFF receptors. # 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/2500382
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