Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is the major component of amyloid deposits found in the brain tissue of Alzheimer patients. The tendency of amyloid peptide to form amyloid plaques is known to be related to the features of the plasma membrane. Flavonoids, a group of naturally occurring molecules, exert beneficial properties to human health thanks to their antioxidant property; this property depends on their capacity to interact and permeate the cell membrane lipid bilayer. In the present research we report an Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) investigation of 2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) membranes interacting with the β-amyloid fragment Aβ(25-35), in the presence of flavonoids rutin, quercetin, naringin and naringenin. Our results, evidencing a flavonoid-dependent rigidifying effect of the bilayer, may provide the molecular basis to explain the known neuroprotective effect of flavonoid compounds.

Effect of flavonoids on Αβ(25-35)- phospholipid bilayer interaction

LAURO, Maria Rosaria;SANSONE, FRANCESCA;DI MARINO, SARA;D'URSI, Anna Maria;AQUINO, Rita Patrizia
2010

Abstract

Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is the major component of amyloid deposits found in the brain tissue of Alzheimer patients. The tendency of amyloid peptide to form amyloid plaques is known to be related to the features of the plasma membrane. Flavonoids, a group of naturally occurring molecules, exert beneficial properties to human health thanks to their antioxidant property; this property depends on their capacity to interact and permeate the cell membrane lipid bilayer. In the present research we report an Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) investigation of 2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) membranes interacting with the β-amyloid fragment Aβ(25-35), in the presence of flavonoids rutin, quercetin, naringin and naringenin. Our results, evidencing a flavonoid-dependent rigidifying effect of the bilayer, may provide the molecular basis to explain the known neuroprotective effect of flavonoid compounds.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/2600247
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