Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), a novel gaseous transmitter, is considered a physiological regulator of vascular homeostasis. Recent evidence suggests H(2)S as an endothelium-hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) candidate. To address this issue, we evaluated the vascular effect of sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS), an H(2)S donor, on the rat mesenteric arterial bed. NaHS concentration-response curve was performed on preconstricted mesenteric arterial bed. To assess the contribution of EDHF, we performed a pharmacologic dissection using indomethacin, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), or apamin and charybdotoxin as cyclooxygenase, nitric-oxide synthase, and calcium-dependent potassium channel inhibitors, respectively. In another set of experiments, we used 4-(4-octadecylphenyl)-4-oxobutenoic acid, baicalein, or proadifen as phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)), lipoxygenase, and cytochrome P450 inhibitors, respectively. Finally, an immunofluorescence study was performed to support the involvement of PLA(2) in mesenteric artery challenged by NaHS. NaHS promoted a dual vascular effect (i.e., vasoconstriction and vasodilation). L-NAME or baicalein administration affected neither NaHS-mediated vasodilation nor vasoconstriction, whereas apamin and charybdotoxin significantly inhibited NaHS-induced relaxation. Pretreatment with PLA(2) inhibitor abolished both the contracting and the relaxant effect, whereas P450 cytochrome blocker significantly reduced NaHS-mediated relaxation. The immunofluorescence study showed that NaHS caused a migration of cytosolic PLA(2) close to the nucleus, which implicates activation of this enzyme. Our data indicate that H(2)S could activate PLA(2), which in turn releases arachidonic acid leading, initially, to vasoconstriction followed by vasodilation mediated by cytochrome P450-derived metabolites. Because EDHF has been presumed to be a cytochrome P450 derivative of the arachidonic acid, our results suggest that H(2)S acts through EHDF release.
|Titolo:||Hydrogen sulfide-induced dual vascular effect involves arachidonic acid cascade in rat mesenteric arterial bed.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.2 Articolo su rivista con ISSN|