Imatinib mesylate is a potent inhibitor of Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase, an oncoprotein that plays a key role in the development of chronic myeloid leukemia. Consequently, imatinib is used as front-line therapy for this disease. A major concern in imatinib treatment is the emergence of resistance to the drug. Here we used the imatinib-resistant KCL22R and imatinib-sensitive KCL22S cells in which none of the known resistance mechanisms has been detected and hence novel Bcr-Abl activity-independent mechanisms could be envisaged. We characterized proteins that were differentially expressed between the KCL22R and KCL22S cells. Using two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry and Western blot analysis we identified 51 differentially expressed proteins: 27 were over-expressed and 24 were under-expressed in KCL22R versus KCL22S cells. Several of these proteins are likely to be involved in such survival mechanisms as modulation of redox balance and activation of anti-apoptotic pathways mediated by NF-kappaB and Ras-MAPK signaling. The data reported may be useful for further studies on mechanisms of imatinib resistance and for the screening of biomarkers to develop new combinatorial therapeutic approaches.

Gaining insights into the Bcr-Abl activity-independent mechanisms of resistance to imatinib mesylate in KCL22 cells: A comparative proteomic approach

MARTINELLI, ROSANNA;
2010

Abstract

Imatinib mesylate is a potent inhibitor of Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase, an oncoprotein that plays a key role in the development of chronic myeloid leukemia. Consequently, imatinib is used as front-line therapy for this disease. A major concern in imatinib treatment is the emergence of resistance to the drug. Here we used the imatinib-resistant KCL22R and imatinib-sensitive KCL22S cells in which none of the known resistance mechanisms has been detected and hence novel Bcr-Abl activity-independent mechanisms could be envisaged. We characterized proteins that were differentially expressed between the KCL22R and KCL22S cells. Using two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry and Western blot analysis we identified 51 differentially expressed proteins: 27 were over-expressed and 24 were under-expressed in KCL22R versus KCL22S cells. Several of these proteins are likely to be involved in such survival mechanisms as modulation of redox balance and activation of anti-apoptotic pathways mediated by NF-kappaB and Ras-MAPK signaling. The data reported may be useful for further studies on mechanisms of imatinib resistance and for the screening of biomarkers to develop new combinatorial therapeutic approaches.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3037074
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact