Although water-soluble polymers are finding increasing use as polymer therapeutics, there has been little consideration of the effect of polymer stereochemistry on their physico-chemical and biological properties. The aim of this study was to investigate these properties using polymethacrylic acids (PMAs) of similar molecular weights with a difference in syndiotacticity of about 20% of rr triad content. Experi- ments to characterize the solution behaviour were conducted at pHs encountered during the transport, endocytic uptake and intracellular trafficking (7.4–3.0). These showed that with increasing rr triads, the polymer become less hydrophobic, a stronger acid, displayed a locally ordered solution conformation at pH 5.5, and interacted more strongly with dodecyl trimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) micelles. Preliminary cytotoxicity experiments using B16F10 melanoma cells showed lower toxicity in the con- centration range of 1–100 g/mL with increased rr triads. These observations indicate that the higher content of rr triads could drive a chain organization that minimize the influence of negative charges and so underline the importance of further, systematic studies to investigate the effect of tacticity on the behaviour of polymers in respect of their pharmacokinetics, toxicity and efficacy.

Impact of polymer tacticity on the physico-chemical behaviour of polymers proposed as therapeutics

IZZO, Lorella;
2011-01-01

Abstract

Although water-soluble polymers are finding increasing use as polymer therapeutics, there has been little consideration of the effect of polymer stereochemistry on their physico-chemical and biological properties. The aim of this study was to investigate these properties using polymethacrylic acids (PMAs) of similar molecular weights with a difference in syndiotacticity of about 20% of rr triad content. Experi- ments to characterize the solution behaviour were conducted at pHs encountered during the transport, endocytic uptake and intracellular trafficking (7.4–3.0). These showed that with increasing rr triads, the polymer become less hydrophobic, a stronger acid, displayed a locally ordered solution conformation at pH 5.5, and interacted more strongly with dodecyl trimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) micelles. Preliminary cytotoxicity experiments using B16F10 melanoma cells showed lower toxicity in the con- centration range of 1–100 g/mL with increased rr triads. These observations indicate that the higher content of rr triads could drive a chain organization that minimize the influence of negative charges and so underline the importance of further, systematic studies to investigate the effect of tacticity on the behaviour of polymers in respect of their pharmacokinetics, toxicity and efficacy.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/3040487
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 24
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 23
social impact