Osmotin gene expression and protein synthesis were up-regulated in young tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Rheinlands Ruhm) plants after a short exposure (24 h) to 150 mM NaCl or 100 μM abscisic acid (ABA) or after dehydration to 80% of original plant fresh weight. Osmotically induced accumulation of osmotin mRNA was accompanied by a large increase in endogenous ABA levels. Increasing accumulation of osmotin protein was also observed during a longer exposure (7 days) to salt. Upon treatment with NaCl. osmotin mRNA levels increased in both root and leaf tissues. with an additional longer transcript induced in roots. No induction of osmotin mRNA was observed upon salt or water stress of the tomato ABA-deficient mutant sitiens. Treatment of sitiens with exogenous ABA induced osmotin mRNA accumulation to the level normally found in salt-treated wild-type plants. However, salt stress alone enhanced accumulation of osmotin mRNA in plants of another tomato mutant (flacca) which is also impaired in ABA synthesis. In tobacco plants carrying an osmotin promoter/β-glucuronidase (GUS) fusion gene, NaCl induction of GUS could be only partially blocked by the ABA inhibitor fluoridone. In flacca plants simultaneous treatment with NaCl and ABA resulted in higher levels of osmotin transcript compared to those following treatment with NaCl alone. No accumulation of osmotin protein was observed after short- or long-term osmotic treatments of the mutants. Our results support previous evidence that osmotin gene expression may be triggered in part through ABA and in part through a separate pathway of gene activation

Control of osmotin gene expression by ABA and osmotic stress in vegetative tissues of wild type and ABA-deficient mutants of tomato

LEONE, ANTONIETTA;
1995

Abstract

Osmotin gene expression and protein synthesis were up-regulated in young tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Rheinlands Ruhm) plants after a short exposure (24 h) to 150 mM NaCl or 100 μM abscisic acid (ABA) or after dehydration to 80% of original plant fresh weight. Osmotically induced accumulation of osmotin mRNA was accompanied by a large increase in endogenous ABA levels. Increasing accumulation of osmotin protein was also observed during a longer exposure (7 days) to salt. Upon treatment with NaCl. osmotin mRNA levels increased in both root and leaf tissues. with an additional longer transcript induced in roots. No induction of osmotin mRNA was observed upon salt or water stress of the tomato ABA-deficient mutant sitiens. Treatment of sitiens with exogenous ABA induced osmotin mRNA accumulation to the level normally found in salt-treated wild-type plants. However, salt stress alone enhanced accumulation of osmotin mRNA in plants of another tomato mutant (flacca) which is also impaired in ABA synthesis. In tobacco plants carrying an osmotin promoter/β-glucuronidase (GUS) fusion gene, NaCl induction of GUS could be only partially blocked by the ABA inhibitor fluoridone. In flacca plants simultaneous treatment with NaCl and ABA resulted in higher levels of osmotin transcript compared to those following treatment with NaCl alone. No accumulation of osmotin protein was observed after short- or long-term osmotic treatments of the mutants. Our results support previous evidence that osmotin gene expression may be triggered in part through ABA and in part through a separate pathway of gene activation
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3040572
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact