The quantum theory of the spontaneous emission (SpE) from an active microscopic cavity (microcavity) is given with emphasis on mirror separations of the order of the optical wavelength. The theory is based on a complete set of orthonormal-mode functions that include both transverse polarizations and span the infinite three dimensional space that pervades and surrounds the microcavity. SpE rates for different active-dipole orientations and cavity configurations are calculated. The SpE pulse shape detected outside the cavity is shown to be generally nonexponential. A detailed computer simulation of the process is presented on the basis of the given theory in the perspective of our experiment, for a cavity terminated by mirrors bearing either metal- or semiconductor-multilayered coatings. We then report an extensive experimental verification of the theory by adopting an Eu-dibenzoylmethane complex as active medium with SpE from the 5D0-7F2 line at λ=6111 Å, under coherent uv excitation at λp=3547 Å. The results show evidence of ‘‘SpE inhibition’’ and ‘‘enhancement,’’ of nonexponential decay of SpE signals, and of competition with superradiance and stimulated emission. Finally we report the results of an experimental test of the algorithm adopted in all computer calculations of the optical parameters of the multilayered structures used for cavity confinement.

SPONTANEOUS EMISSION IN THE OPTICAL MICROSCOPIC CAVITY

CRESCENTINI, LUCA;
1991-01-01

Abstract

The quantum theory of the spontaneous emission (SpE) from an active microscopic cavity (microcavity) is given with emphasis on mirror separations of the order of the optical wavelength. The theory is based on a complete set of orthonormal-mode functions that include both transverse polarizations and span the infinite three dimensional space that pervades and surrounds the microcavity. SpE rates for different active-dipole orientations and cavity configurations are calculated. The SpE pulse shape detected outside the cavity is shown to be generally nonexponential. A detailed computer simulation of the process is presented on the basis of the given theory in the perspective of our experiment, for a cavity terminated by mirrors bearing either metal- or semiconductor-multilayered coatings. We then report an extensive experimental verification of the theory by adopting an Eu-dibenzoylmethane complex as active medium with SpE from the 5D0-7F2 line at λ=6111 Å, under coherent uv excitation at λp=3547 Å. The results show evidence of ‘‘SpE inhibition’’ and ‘‘enhancement,’’ of nonexponential decay of SpE signals, and of competition with superradiance and stimulated emission. Finally we report the results of an experimental test of the algorithm adopted in all computer calculations of the optical parameters of the multilayered structures used for cavity confinement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/3094330
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