8-Chloro-cAMP (8-Cl-cAMP) is a novel agent that is able to inhibit the growth of a wide variety of cancer cell types in vitro and in vivo and, at doses devoid of toxicity, to achieve plasma concentrations in cancer patients in a range effective for cancer cell growth inhibition. In this study, we have demonstrated that 8-Cl-cAMP, at a dose causing mild or no growth inhibition, synergistically increased the growth-inhibitory effect of paclitaxel or cisplatin in a wide series of cell lines including human breast, lung, ovary, colon, and head carcinomas and melanoma. A similar effect was also observed with another taxane, docetaxel, and with the platinum-derivative carboplatin. 8-Cl-cAMP also markedly enhanced apoptotic cell death induced by each cytotoxic drug. A cooperative antitumor effect was also observed in vivo, because treatment with paclitaxel followed by 8-Cl-cAMP markedly inhibited the growth of GEO human colon cancer xenografts as compared to paclitaxel alone without signs of toxicity. These data demonstrate that 8-Cl-cAMP synergistically increases the antiproliferative activity of taxanes and platinum-derived compounds and provide a rationale to use 8-Cl-cAMP in combination with taxanes and platinum-derived compounds.

Synergistic inhibition of growth and induction of apoptosis by 8-chloro-cAMP and paclitaxel or cisplatin in human cancer cells.

PEPE, Stefano;
1997

Abstract

8-Chloro-cAMP (8-Cl-cAMP) is a novel agent that is able to inhibit the growth of a wide variety of cancer cell types in vitro and in vivo and, at doses devoid of toxicity, to achieve plasma concentrations in cancer patients in a range effective for cancer cell growth inhibition. In this study, we have demonstrated that 8-Cl-cAMP, at a dose causing mild or no growth inhibition, synergistically increased the growth-inhibitory effect of paclitaxel or cisplatin in a wide series of cell lines including human breast, lung, ovary, colon, and head carcinomas and melanoma. A similar effect was also observed with another taxane, docetaxel, and with the platinum-derivative carboplatin. 8-Cl-cAMP also markedly enhanced apoptotic cell death induced by each cytotoxic drug. A cooperative antitumor effect was also observed in vivo, because treatment with paclitaxel followed by 8-Cl-cAMP markedly inhibited the growth of GEO human colon cancer xenografts as compared to paclitaxel alone without signs of toxicity. These data demonstrate that 8-Cl-cAMP synergistically increases the antiproliferative activity of taxanes and platinum-derived compounds and provide a rationale to use 8-Cl-cAMP in combination with taxanes and platinum-derived compounds.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3104419
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