In this study we evaluated the kinetics of phagocytosis and killing of E. coli by thioglycollate-elicited murine peritoneal macrophages and the role of specific antibodies and complement present in different serum preparations in modulating these processes. In our system phagocytosis of E. coli by macrophage monolayer was exponential for 180 min. The killing activity was high in the first 30-60 min and then virtually ceased. The least phagocytosis and killing occurred in presence of heat-inactivated fetal calf serum (HFCS). These activities were 2-fold increased in presence of normal mouse serum (NMS) or heat-inactivated newborn calf serum (HNCS) and were highly stimulated in presence of immune mouse serum (IMS). IMS without complement was less efficient in enhancing phagocytosis and killing by macrophages. However when IMS or HNCS were deprived of specific antibodies their activity was remarkably reduced. When macrophages containing phagocytized bacteria were reincubated with different sera, multiplication of intracellular E. coli occurred with HFCS, NMS or antibody-deprived IMS or HNCS. In contrast, a significant decrease in the survival of intracellular bacteria was seen in presence of IMS, HNCS or complement-deprived IMS. The results indicated that specific bacterial antibodies play a major role in the phagocytic process and in the activation of killing mechanisms. However optimal macrophage activity resulted from the presence of both specific antibodies and complement.

Kinetics of phagocytosis and killing of E. coli by murine macrophages in presence of different serum preparations.

TRIPODI, MARIE FRANCOISE;
1988

Abstract

In this study we evaluated the kinetics of phagocytosis and killing of E. coli by thioglycollate-elicited murine peritoneal macrophages and the role of specific antibodies and complement present in different serum preparations in modulating these processes. In our system phagocytosis of E. coli by macrophage monolayer was exponential for 180 min. The killing activity was high in the first 30-60 min and then virtually ceased. The least phagocytosis and killing occurred in presence of heat-inactivated fetal calf serum (HFCS). These activities were 2-fold increased in presence of normal mouse serum (NMS) or heat-inactivated newborn calf serum (HNCS) and were highly stimulated in presence of immune mouse serum (IMS). IMS without complement was less efficient in enhancing phagocytosis and killing by macrophages. However when IMS or HNCS were deprived of specific antibodies their activity was remarkably reduced. When macrophages containing phagocytized bacteria were reincubated with different sera, multiplication of intracellular E. coli occurred with HFCS, NMS or antibody-deprived IMS or HNCS. In contrast, a significant decrease in the survival of intracellular bacteria was seen in presence of IMS, HNCS or complement-deprived IMS. The results indicated that specific bacterial antibodies play a major role in the phagocytic process and in the activation of killing mechanisms. However optimal macrophage activity resulted from the presence of both specific antibodies and complement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3104474
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