BACKGROUND: Steatosis and insulin resistance (IR) have a pathogenic role in chronic hepatitis C (HCV). Adipocytokines balance modulates hepatic lipid content and IR. AIM: To evaluate serum adipocytokines and relationship with virological, histological and metabolic parameters in chronic HCV. METHODS: Adiponectin and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels, HCV genotypes, HCV-RNA, IR (HOMA-IR), body mass index and liver steatosis and fibrosis were assessed in 161 non-diabetic chronic HCV patients. RESULTS: Chronic HCV patients with steatosis showed lower serum adiponectin levels and higher levels of TNF-alpha, HOMA, alanine aminotransferase, gamma-glutamiltransferase and Histological Activity Index (HAI) and fibrosis scores. Low adiponectin levels were independently associated with grades of steatosis and HOMA-IR. Higher tumour necrosis factor-alpha levels were observed in patients with low adiponectin levels. The extension of steatosis was inversely correlated with adiponectin levels. A correlation between grade of steatosis with HOMA-IR and fibrosis was observed. HCV genotype 3-infected patients showed lower adiponectin levels than those with other genotypes. An independent predictor of low adiponectin levels in genotype 3 infection was the extension of steatosis. Liver fibrosis score was associated with steatosis, HAI and age. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic HCV patients with steatosis showed a serum adiponectin/TNF-alpha imbalance that is associated with IR. Reduced adiponectin levels may be involved in the pathogenesis of steatosis, which in turn accelerates progression of fibrosis in chronic HCV.

Hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance are associated with serum imbalance of adiponectin/tumour necrosis factor-alpha in chronic hepatitis C patients.

TRIPODI, MARIE FRANCOISE;
2006

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Steatosis and insulin resistance (IR) have a pathogenic role in chronic hepatitis C (HCV). Adipocytokines balance modulates hepatic lipid content and IR. AIM: To evaluate serum adipocytokines and relationship with virological, histological and metabolic parameters in chronic HCV. METHODS: Adiponectin and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels, HCV genotypes, HCV-RNA, IR (HOMA-IR), body mass index and liver steatosis and fibrosis were assessed in 161 non-diabetic chronic HCV patients. RESULTS: Chronic HCV patients with steatosis showed lower serum adiponectin levels and higher levels of TNF-alpha, HOMA, alanine aminotransferase, gamma-glutamiltransferase and Histological Activity Index (HAI) and fibrosis scores. Low adiponectin levels were independently associated with grades of steatosis and HOMA-IR. Higher tumour necrosis factor-alpha levels were observed in patients with low adiponectin levels. The extension of steatosis was inversely correlated with adiponectin levels. A correlation between grade of steatosis with HOMA-IR and fibrosis was observed. HCV genotype 3-infected patients showed lower adiponectin levels than those with other genotypes. An independent predictor of low adiponectin levels in genotype 3 infection was the extension of steatosis. Liver fibrosis score was associated with steatosis, HAI and age. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic HCV patients with steatosis showed a serum adiponectin/TNF-alpha imbalance that is associated with IR. Reduced adiponectin levels may be involved in the pathogenesis of steatosis, which in turn accelerates progression of fibrosis in chronic HCV.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3104490
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