This study evaluated the activity of colistin, rifampicin, imipenem and sulbactam/ampicillin alone or in combination against nine epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates producing OXA-58 carbapenemase in Naples, Italy. The isolates were susceptible to colistin but differed in their resistance to imipenem and rifampicin. Time-kill studies showed a bactericidal effect for colistin but not for imipenem, rifampicin or sulbactam/ampicillin used as single agents. Synergism was observed with combinations of rifampicin+imipenem or sulbactam/ampicillin for all isolates and with colistin+rifampicin for isolates showing higher minimum inhibitory concentrations for rifampicin. Combined use of the antimicrobials tested may provide good therapeutic options for OXA-58 carbapenemase-producing A. baumannii infections.

Comparative activities of colistin, rifampicin, imipenem and sulbactam/ampicillin alone or in combination against epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates producing OXA-58 carbapenemases.

TRIPODI, MARIE FRANCOISE;
2007

Abstract

This study evaluated the activity of colistin, rifampicin, imipenem and sulbactam/ampicillin alone or in combination against nine epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates producing OXA-58 carbapenemase in Naples, Italy. The isolates were susceptible to colistin but differed in their resistance to imipenem and rifampicin. Time-kill studies showed a bactericidal effect for colistin but not for imipenem, rifampicin or sulbactam/ampicillin used as single agents. Synergism was observed with combinations of rifampicin+imipenem or sulbactam/ampicillin for all isolates and with colistin+rifampicin for isolates showing higher minimum inhibitory concentrations for rifampicin. Combined use of the antimicrobials tested may provide good therapeutic options for OXA-58 carbapenemase-producing A. baumannii infections.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3104493
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