Optimal growth and differentiation of normal rat thyroid FRTL5 cells depend strictly on the presence of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). FRTL5 cells deprived of TSH cease dividing and become quiescent. Addition of TSH to quiescent cells, which activates the cyclic AMP-mediated pathway, is sufficient to stimulate cell entry into S phase of the cell cycle. We have previously shown that the differential expression of the two isozymes, type I and type II, of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) correlates with cell growth and differentiation of several rodent and human cell lines. We have studied the role of PKA in the TSH-regulated growth and cell cycle distribution of FRTL5 cells. Upon addition of TSH to FRTL5 cells deprived of hormone, a rapid induction of RI alpha mRNA species occurred within 30 min after treatment, reaching the levels of proliferating FRTL5 cells at 12 h. RII alpha mRNA levels slightly increased after TSH addition, whereas C alpha mRNA levels did not show major changes. Photoaffinity labeling of PKA receptor proteins showed that addition of TSH to quiescent FRTL5 cells induced a progressive increase in RI alpha levels starting at 6 h after stimulation, whereas RII alpha receptor levels increased only slightly. When FRTL5 cells were treated with an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide targeted against the RI alpha regulatory subunit, their growth was arrested, whereas an antisense against the RII alpha regulatory subunit produced only a mild growth inhibition. Moreover, exposure to the antisense RI alpha oligomer resulted in accumulation of cells in the G0-G1 compartment, as during TSH deprivation.

TSH-regulated growth and cell cycle distribution of thyroid cells involve type I isozyme of cAMP-dependent protein kinase

PEPE, Stefano;
1993

Abstract

Optimal growth and differentiation of normal rat thyroid FRTL5 cells depend strictly on the presence of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). FRTL5 cells deprived of TSH cease dividing and become quiescent. Addition of TSH to quiescent cells, which activates the cyclic AMP-mediated pathway, is sufficient to stimulate cell entry into S phase of the cell cycle. We have previously shown that the differential expression of the two isozymes, type I and type II, of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) correlates with cell growth and differentiation of several rodent and human cell lines. We have studied the role of PKA in the TSH-regulated growth and cell cycle distribution of FRTL5 cells. Upon addition of TSH to FRTL5 cells deprived of hormone, a rapid induction of RI alpha mRNA species occurred within 30 min after treatment, reaching the levels of proliferating FRTL5 cells at 12 h. RII alpha mRNA levels slightly increased after TSH addition, whereas C alpha mRNA levels did not show major changes. Photoaffinity labeling of PKA receptor proteins showed that addition of TSH to quiescent FRTL5 cells induced a progressive increase in RI alpha levels starting at 6 h after stimulation, whereas RII alpha receptor levels increased only slightly. When FRTL5 cells were treated with an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide targeted against the RI alpha regulatory subunit, their growth was arrested, whereas an antisense against the RII alpha regulatory subunit produced only a mild growth inhibition. Moreover, exposure to the antisense RI alpha oligomer resulted in accumulation of cells in the G0-G1 compartment, as during TSH deprivation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3104506
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