The present study has demonstrated that tauroursodeoxycholate (TUDC), but not taurocholate, can reverse chlorpromazine (CPZ)-induced cholestasis in the isolated perfused rat liver. At an infusion rate of 1.5 mumol/min, TUDC led to restoration of bile flow in the perfused rat liver made cholestatic by the addition of 250 microM CPZ. This reversal was accompanied by an increased excretion of CPZ and its metabolites. A higher infusion rate of 5.0 mumols TUDC/min, however, led to only a transient increase in bile flow and to no increase in CPZ excretion. In contrast to the effects of TUDC, infusion of taurocholate led to an exacerbation of CPZ-induced cholestasis. The differences in the efficacy of the two bile salts may be due to their relative detergent (hydrophobic) properties.

Effects of bile salt infusion on chlorpromazine-induced cholestasis in the isolated perfused rat liver.

TRIPODI, MARIE FRANCOISE;
1992

Abstract

The present study has demonstrated that tauroursodeoxycholate (TUDC), but not taurocholate, can reverse chlorpromazine (CPZ)-induced cholestasis in the isolated perfused rat liver. At an infusion rate of 1.5 mumol/min, TUDC led to restoration of bile flow in the perfused rat liver made cholestatic by the addition of 250 microM CPZ. This reversal was accompanied by an increased excretion of CPZ and its metabolites. A higher infusion rate of 5.0 mumols TUDC/min, however, led to only a transient increase in bile flow and to no increase in CPZ excretion. In contrast to the effects of TUDC, infusion of taurocholate led to an exacerbation of CPZ-induced cholestasis. The differences in the efficacy of the two bile salts may be due to their relative detergent (hydrophobic) properties.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3104514
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