We have demonstrated that interferon-alpha2-recombinant (IFNalpha) at growth inhibitory concentrations enhances the expression and signalling activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) in human epidermoid carcinoma KB cells. Here we report that KB cells exposed to IFNalpha underwent apoptotic cell death and this effect was antagonized by EGF. We have also found that IFNalpha enhanced the expression of heat shock proteins (HSP) HSP-70, HSP-90 and HSP-27 and activated the NH2-terminal Jun kinase-1 (JNK-1) and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase, the target enzymes of a stress-dependent intracellular transduction pathway. Moreover, the overexpression of the wild-type JNK-1, obtained through plasmid transfection of KB cells, induced apoptosis which was potentiated by the exposure of wild-type JNK-1 (JNK-1wt)-transfected cells to IFNalpha. All these effects were neutralized by the addition of EGF to parental and JNK-1wt-transfected KB cells exposed to IFNalpha. In conclusion, EGF has a protective effect on KB cells from apoptosis while antagonizing a stress response elicited by IFNalpha and targeted on the stress pathway terminal kinases.

Interferon-alpha induces apoptosis in human KB cells through a stress-dependent mitogen activated protein kinase pathway death is antagonized by epidermal growth factor.

PEPE, Stefano;SELLERI, Carmine;
1999

Abstract

We have demonstrated that interferon-alpha2-recombinant (IFNalpha) at growth inhibitory concentrations enhances the expression and signalling activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) in human epidermoid carcinoma KB cells. Here we report that KB cells exposed to IFNalpha underwent apoptotic cell death and this effect was antagonized by EGF. We have also found that IFNalpha enhanced the expression of heat shock proteins (HSP) HSP-70, HSP-90 and HSP-27 and activated the NH2-terminal Jun kinase-1 (JNK-1) and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase, the target enzymes of a stress-dependent intracellular transduction pathway. Moreover, the overexpression of the wild-type JNK-1, obtained through plasmid transfection of KB cells, induced apoptosis which was potentiated by the exposure of wild-type JNK-1 (JNK-1wt)-transfected cells to IFNalpha. All these effects were neutralized by the addition of EGF to parental and JNK-1wt-transfected KB cells exposed to IFNalpha. In conclusion, EGF has a protective effect on KB cells from apoptosis while antagonizing a stress response elicited by IFNalpha and targeted on the stress pathway terminal kinases.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3104534
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 21
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact