The effect of beta-blockade on dipyridamole thallium-201 images was assessed in 8 patients with coronary artery disease and positive dipyridamole test. Three dipyridamole thallium-201 tests were performed, the first in basal conditions, the second 30' after propranolol and the third with propranolol and atrial pacing. After dipyridamole heart rate and double product increased respectively from 75 +/- 7 to 98 +/- 15 b/min (p less than 0.01 vs starting values) and from 10 551 +/- 1255 to 11 740 +/- 4542 mmHg X b/min (p less than 0.05 vs starting values). Propranolol reduced heart rate to 64 +/- 6 b/min (p less than 0.05 vs basal conditions), systolic blood pressure to 136 +/- 13 and double product to 8733 +/- 1248 (p less than 0.05 vs basal conditions). Dipyridamole when infused after propranolol, induced an increase in heart rate to 70 +/- 5 b/min (p less than 0.05 vs starting values) while double product was 9133 +/- 1189 mmHg X b/min (p = NS vs starting values). Atrial pacing prevented the fall in heart rate and double product induced by propranolol so during dipyridamole infusion double product increased to 13 271 +/- 1868 (p less than 0.05 vs propranolol treatment; p less than 0.05 vs starting values). Segmental score calculated after dipyridamole was 5.2 +/- 2.0 in basal conditions, 5.1 +/- 1.3 after propranolol (p = NS) and 4.8 +/- 1.3 after propranolol plus atrial pacing (p = NS). Thus the results of the study show that beta-blockade does not worsen dipyridamole thallium-201 images. Furthermore the steal phenomenon seems to be the main mechanism of the dipyridamole induced ischemia. In fact, also when the increase, oxygen consumption is blunted with beta-blockade the disparity in myocardial blood flow resulted unaffected.

Effect of Beta-Blockade on Thallium-201 Dypiridamole Thallium Scintigraphy

PACE, Leonardo;
1984

Abstract

The effect of beta-blockade on dipyridamole thallium-201 images was assessed in 8 patients with coronary artery disease and positive dipyridamole test. Three dipyridamole thallium-201 tests were performed, the first in basal conditions, the second 30' after propranolol and the third with propranolol and atrial pacing. After dipyridamole heart rate and double product increased respectively from 75 +/- 7 to 98 +/- 15 b/min (p less than 0.01 vs starting values) and from 10 551 +/- 1255 to 11 740 +/- 4542 mmHg X b/min (p less than 0.05 vs starting values). Propranolol reduced heart rate to 64 +/- 6 b/min (p less than 0.05 vs basal conditions), systolic blood pressure to 136 +/- 13 and double product to 8733 +/- 1248 (p less than 0.05 vs basal conditions). Dipyridamole when infused after propranolol, induced an increase in heart rate to 70 +/- 5 b/min (p less than 0.05 vs starting values) while double product was 9133 +/- 1189 mmHg X b/min (p = NS vs starting values). Atrial pacing prevented the fall in heart rate and double product induced by propranolol so during dipyridamole infusion double product increased to 13 271 +/- 1868 (p less than 0.05 vs propranolol treatment; p less than 0.05 vs starting values). Segmental score calculated after dipyridamole was 5.2 +/- 2.0 in basal conditions, 5.1 +/- 1.3 after propranolol (p = NS) and 4.8 +/- 1.3 after propranolol plus atrial pacing (p = NS). Thus the results of the study show that beta-blockade does not worsen dipyridamole thallium-201 images. Furthermore the steal phenomenon seems to be the main mechanism of the dipyridamole induced ischemia. In fact, also when the increase, oxygen consumption is blunted with beta-blockade the disparity in myocardial blood flow resulted unaffected.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3104844
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