Abstract Ambulatory monitoring (VEST) of left ventricular (LV) function is a useful and accurate method to measure cardiac function during exercise and rest. The aim of this study was to evaluate LV response to exercise in normal sedentary subjects. METHODS: Ten normal sedentary subjects underwent continuous ambulatory monitoring of LV function by VEST during upright bicycle exercise associated with combined analysis of pulmonary gas exchange. All parameters of LV function were measured in control conditions at rest, at the anaerobic threshold (point of nonlinear increase in ventilation relative to oxygen uptake) and at peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2). RESULTS: Heart rate and cardiac output significantly increased from control conditions to anaerobic threshold (p < 0.001) and from anaerobic threshold to peak VO2 (p < 0.001). Ejection fraction, end diastolic volume and stroke volume significantly increased from control conditions to anaerobic threshold (p < 0.001), showing no significant change from anaerobic threshold to peak VO2. Finally, end-systolic volume significantly decreased from control conditions to anaerobic threshold (p < 0.001), showing no significant change from anaerobic threshold to peak VO2. CONCLUSION: VEST is particularly useful in the evaluation of cardiac response to exercise in normal sedentary subjects, providing a better understanding of the spectrum of the normal LVEF response to exercise. Our data demonstrate that ejection fraction response to exercise is variable after anaerobic threshold, and a uniform increase is not necessarily expected in normal sedentary subjects.

Ambulatory monitoring of left ventricular function during cardiopulmonary exercise tests in normal sedentary subjects

PACE, Leonardo;
1995

Abstract

Abstract Ambulatory monitoring (VEST) of left ventricular (LV) function is a useful and accurate method to measure cardiac function during exercise and rest. The aim of this study was to evaluate LV response to exercise in normal sedentary subjects. METHODS: Ten normal sedentary subjects underwent continuous ambulatory monitoring of LV function by VEST during upright bicycle exercise associated with combined analysis of pulmonary gas exchange. All parameters of LV function were measured in control conditions at rest, at the anaerobic threshold (point of nonlinear increase in ventilation relative to oxygen uptake) and at peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2). RESULTS: Heart rate and cardiac output significantly increased from control conditions to anaerobic threshold (p < 0.001) and from anaerobic threshold to peak VO2 (p < 0.001). Ejection fraction, end diastolic volume and stroke volume significantly increased from control conditions to anaerobic threshold (p < 0.001), showing no significant change from anaerobic threshold to peak VO2. Finally, end-systolic volume significantly decreased from control conditions to anaerobic threshold (p < 0.001), showing no significant change from anaerobic threshold to peak VO2. CONCLUSION: VEST is particularly useful in the evaluation of cardiac response to exercise in normal sedentary subjects, providing a better understanding of the spectrum of the normal LVEF response to exercise. Our data demonstrate that ejection fraction response to exercise is variable after anaerobic threshold, and a uniform increase is not necessarily expected in normal sedentary subjects.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3105141
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact