The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of paclitaxel in patients with advanced squamous cell penile cancer previously treated with neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy. This was a single-arm, phase II, multicenter study. Patients were treated with 175 mg/m(2) paclitaxel at a 3-week interval, until disease progression or irreversible toxicity. The primary end point was the objective response rate. Secondary end points were safety, progression-free survival, and overall survival. Twelve patients were enrolled. Partial responses were observed in 25% (3 of 12) of patients (95% confidence interval: 12-40%). Grade 3 neutropenia and oral mucositis were the most common side effects, each noted in three patients. Median progression-free survival was 4 months (range 2-6 months) and median overall survival was 6 months (range 3-10 months). Paclitaxel is well tolerated and associated with promising efficacy. Further trials, also in a neoadjuvant setting, are needed to corroborate our preliminary findings. Anti-Cancer Drugs 20:277-280 (C) 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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