Using differential display reverse transcription-PCR (DDRT-PCR) we have identified several sequences that are specifically expressed by Histoplasma capsulatum during infection of murine macrophages (MPhi). Here, we report the characterization of a clone, pHc12, identified as a differentially expressed gene 1 hour after infection of MPhi. Screening of a cDNA library of H. capsulatum allowed us to isolate a clone, pHc12-E, that contains the complete coding sequence. We show that after infection the level of transcription of this gene increases about 5 fold. Analysis of its sequence revealed the presence of an open reading frame of 890 aa (ORF890) that shares respectively 30 and 33% identity with human and Caenorhabditis elegans p100 kD and rat p105 kD co-activator proteins. Using the two-dimensional Hydrophobic Cluster Analysis (HCA) method, we showed that H. capsulatum ORF890 and p100 kD co-activator proteins are clearly related. The H. capsulatum protein consists of a four-fold repeated module (domains I to IV) like the p100 kD co-activator proteins, whose three-dimensional (3D) structure is related to staphylococcal thermonuclease, followed by a modified fifth "hybrid" domain which partially resembles the structure of the tudor domain found in multiple copies in the Drosophila melanogaster tudor protein. These data strongly suggest that ORF890 is homologous to human p100 kD and that this protein, named Hcp100, may play an essential role during infection by co-activating the expression of specific genes.

An homologue of the human 100 kD protein (p100) is differentially expressed by Histoplasma capsulatum during infection of murine macrophages

PORTA, AMALIA;MARZULLO, Liberato;MARESCA, Bruno
1999

Abstract

Using differential display reverse transcription-PCR (DDRT-PCR) we have identified several sequences that are specifically expressed by Histoplasma capsulatum during infection of murine macrophages (MPhi). Here, we report the characterization of a clone, pHc12, identified as a differentially expressed gene 1 hour after infection of MPhi. Screening of a cDNA library of H. capsulatum allowed us to isolate a clone, pHc12-E, that contains the complete coding sequence. We show that after infection the level of transcription of this gene increases about 5 fold. Analysis of its sequence revealed the presence of an open reading frame of 890 aa (ORF890) that shares respectively 30 and 33% identity with human and Caenorhabditis elegans p100 kD and rat p105 kD co-activator proteins. Using the two-dimensional Hydrophobic Cluster Analysis (HCA) method, we showed that H. capsulatum ORF890 and p100 kD co-activator proteins are clearly related. The H. capsulatum protein consists of a four-fold repeated module (domains I to IV) like the p100 kD co-activator proteins, whose three-dimensional (3D) structure is related to staphylococcal thermonuclease, followed by a modified fifth "hybrid" domain which partially resembles the structure of the tudor domain found in multiple copies in the Drosophila melanogaster tudor protein. These data strongly suggest that ORF890 is homologous to human p100 kD and that this protein, named Hcp100, may play an essential role during infection by co-activating the expression of specific genes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3136879
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