At the time of sperm-egg fusion in Discoglossus pictus, a large amount of electron-dense material of an unknown nature is liberated from the sperm. In the present work we studied this material in D. pictus sperm, using an assay utilising strips of autoradiographic film as a gelatin substrate for proteolytic enzymes. Upon treatment with A23187, D. pictus sperm produced a large halo on the gelatin substrate, indicating the presence of enzymes released by the sperm at the time of the acrosome reaction. In contrast, Xenopus laevis sperm did not produce halos upon treatment with A23187. The use of protease inhibitors such as TLCK, leupeptin, chymostatin, SBTI and EACA strongly suggests that the D. pictus whole acrosome contains trypsin and chymotrypsin activity while an SBTI-sensitive activity is absent in a small portion of the acrosome, possibly the anteriormost region. Furthermore, the material released at the acrosome reaction also contains an EACA-inhibited activity, indicating the presence of plasminogen activator. We conclude that D. pictus sperm release proteolytic enzyme(s) that may act at the egg surface at the time of gamete fusion.

Enzyme activity in anuran spermatozoa upon induction of the acrosome reaction

VACCARO, MARIACARMELA;
2001

Abstract

At the time of sperm-egg fusion in Discoglossus pictus, a large amount of electron-dense material of an unknown nature is liberated from the sperm. In the present work we studied this material in D. pictus sperm, using an assay utilising strips of autoradiographic film as a gelatin substrate for proteolytic enzymes. Upon treatment with A23187, D. pictus sperm produced a large halo on the gelatin substrate, indicating the presence of enzymes released by the sperm at the time of the acrosome reaction. In contrast, Xenopus laevis sperm did not produce halos upon treatment with A23187. The use of protease inhibitors such as TLCK, leupeptin, chymostatin, SBTI and EACA strongly suggests that the D. pictus whole acrosome contains trypsin and chymotrypsin activity while an SBTI-sensitive activity is absent in a small portion of the acrosome, possibly the anteriormost region. Furthermore, the material released at the acrosome reaction also contains an EACA-inhibited activity, indicating the presence of plasminogen activator. We conclude that D. pictus sperm release proteolytic enzyme(s) that may act at the egg surface at the time of gamete fusion.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3149677
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