The status of advancement of the VIRGO Project is presented: the first-generation results from the Pisa seismic noise super attenuator give an upper limit to the noise transfer function of 2 × 10−8 at 10 Hz. The upper limit to the absolute noise of the 400 kg test mass at 10 Hz has been measured to be 1.5 × 10−13 m/√Hz. The scheme and the related problems of the VIRGO interferometer, which is supposed to work down to 10 Hz, are also presented. At the 3rd Pisa Meeting in 1986 we presented the idea of what could be a very efficient seismic noise reduction system able to give a sensitivity h ∼ 10−25 at 10 Hz, in a 3 km interferometer for 1 year integration time. Now we have two new facts to present: the first is that the attenuation has been built, is working in Pisa, and shows remarkable characteristics. The second is the Italian-French interferometer VIRGO [1,2], a 3 km long antenna for low and high frequency (10–1000 Hz) gravitational wave (GW) detection. These two items will be presented in this article.
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