A robust design of the propagation characteristics of interconnect structures based on multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is carried out. The study allows us to identify the minimum number of shells N of the MWCNT able to guarantee that the time delay at 50% outperforms the Cu-based solution for the upcoming technology nodes, taking into account the uncertainties affecting other geometrical and physical parameters of the device. Such an investigation is carried out in the most severe conditions for the MWCNTs-based device, i.e., for short and thin wire structures, starting from the minimum interconnect length forwhich the MWCNT outperforms the Cu-based solution. A worst case polynomial expression of the time delay as a function of the number of the shells of the MWCNT, obtained on the basis of the equivalent single conductor model of the nano-interconnect, is adopted for the optimization procedure. The minimum number of shells that lead to outperform the Cu-based solution is determined by the use of an approach relying on a particular application of the interval analysis to find the upper bound of the performance function. The quality of the results is checked by a Monte Carlo analysis.
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