F(2)-Isoprostanes are generated from a cyclooxygenase-independent oxidative modification of arachidonic acid. They are present in atherosclerotic plaques and are platelet activators as well as potent vasoconstrictors. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils are major players in ischemia/reperfusion injury and in restenosis after PTCA. The effects of 8-isoprostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) on very rapid beta(2)-integrin-dependent adhesion was evaluated in human neutrophils in vitro by use of purified integrin as ligand. 8-Iso-PGF(2alpha) (1 nmol/L to 20 micromol/L) triggers a dose-dependent, very rapid neutrophil adhesion to human fibrinogen but not to the endothelial ligand intercellular adhesion molecule-1. Pretreatment with anti-ss(2)-integrin subtypes showed activation of CD11b/CD18 and CD11c/CD18. Adhesion triggering was completely prevented by pertussis toxin. SQ29,548, a specific antagonist of thromboxane A2 receptor, also dose-dependently prevented 8-iso-PGF(2alpha)-triggered neutrophil adhesion. 8-Iso-PGF(2alpha) did not trigger adhesion in human monocytes and lymphocytes and did not induce neutrophil chemotaxis or activation of the oxygen free-radical-forming enzyme NADPH-oxidase. These data highlight the role of 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) as a specific activator of rapid neutrophil adhesion and suggest its involvement in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion injury and in restenosis after PTCA. The effect is transduced via activation of the receptor for thromboxane A2.

8-iso-PGF2alpha induces beta-2 integrin-mediated rapid adhesion of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils: a link between oxidative stress and ischemia/reperfusion injury.

FONTANA, Luigi;
2001

Abstract

F(2)-Isoprostanes are generated from a cyclooxygenase-independent oxidative modification of arachidonic acid. They are present in atherosclerotic plaques and are platelet activators as well as potent vasoconstrictors. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils are major players in ischemia/reperfusion injury and in restenosis after PTCA. The effects of 8-isoprostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) on very rapid beta(2)-integrin-dependent adhesion was evaluated in human neutrophils in vitro by use of purified integrin as ligand. 8-Iso-PGF(2alpha) (1 nmol/L to 20 micromol/L) triggers a dose-dependent, very rapid neutrophil adhesion to human fibrinogen but not to the endothelial ligand intercellular adhesion molecule-1. Pretreatment with anti-ss(2)-integrin subtypes showed activation of CD11b/CD18 and CD11c/CD18. Adhesion triggering was completely prevented by pertussis toxin. SQ29,548, a specific antagonist of thromboxane A2 receptor, also dose-dependently prevented 8-iso-PGF(2alpha)-triggered neutrophil adhesion. 8-Iso-PGF(2alpha) did not trigger adhesion in human monocytes and lymphocytes and did not induce neutrophil chemotaxis or activation of the oxygen free-radical-forming enzyme NADPH-oxidase. These data highlight the role of 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) as a specific activator of rapid neutrophil adhesion and suggest its involvement in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion injury and in restenosis after PTCA. The effect is transduced via activation of the receptor for thromboxane A2.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/3871709
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