Low density lipoprotein (LDL) inhibits endothelium-dependent relaxation. The mechanism is uncertain, but increased production of superoxide anion O2- with inactivation of endothelium-derived NO and formation of toxic free radical species have been implicated. We investigated effects of the cell permeable superoxide dismutase mimetic manganese (III) tetrakis (1-methyl-4-pyridyl) porphyrin (MnTMPyP), the free radical scavenger vitamin C and arginine (which may reduce O2- formation) on acute LDL-induced endothelial dysfunction in rabbit aortic rings, using LDL prepared by ultracentrifugation of plasma from healthy men and aortic rings from New Zealand white rabbits. LDL (150 microg protein ml(-1) for 20 min) markedly inhibited relaxation of aortic rings (in Krebs' solution at 37 degrees C and pre-constricted to 80% maximum tension with noradrenaline) to acetylcholine 82+/-10% (mean percentage difference between sum of relaxations after each concentration of acetylcholine in the presence and absence of LDL, +/-s.e.mean, n=26, P<0.001) but not to the endothelium-independent agonist nitroprusside. MnTMPyP (10 microM) reduced inhibitory effects of LDL from 124+/-27 to 56+/-17% (n=6, P<0.05). Vitamin C (1 mM) reduced inhibitory effects of LDL from 59+/-8 to 22+/-5% (n=6, P<0.05). Inhibitory effects of LDL were similar in the absence or presence of arginine (84+/-12 vs 79+/-16%, n=14, P=0.55). Effects of L-arginine (10 mM) did not differ significantly from those of D-arginine (10 mM). Acute (20 min) exposure of aortic rings to LDL impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation which can be partially restored by MnTMPyP and vitamin C. This is consistent with LDL causing increased O2- generation.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.