Dyslipidemia is common in patients with HIV infection. In this study, a two-stage euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp, with infusion of stable isotopically labeled tracers, was used to evaluate insulin action in skeletal muscle, liver, and adipose tissue in HIV-infected men with dyslipidemia (HIV-DL; plasma triglyceride >250 mg/dl and HDL <45 mg/dl; n=12), HIV-infected men without dyslipidemia (HIV w/o DL; n=12), and healthy men (n=6). Basal rates of glucose production (glucose R(a)), glucose disposal (glucose R(d)), and lipolysis (palmitate R(a)) were similar between groups. The relative suppression of glucose R(a) (63+/- 4, 77+/- 2, and 78+/- 3%, P=0.008) and palmitate R(a) (49+/-4, 63+/-3, and 68+/-3%, P=0.005) during ow-dose insulin infusion (plasma insulin approximately 30 microU/ml), and the relative stimulation of glucose R(d) (214+/-21, 390+/-25, and 393+/-46%, P=0.001) during high-dose insulin infusion (plasma insulin approximately 75 microU/ml) were lower in HIV-DL than in HIV w/o DL and healthy volunteers, respectively. Suppression of basal glucose R(a) correlated with plasma adiponectin (r=0.44, P=0.02) and inversely with plasma IL-6 (r=-0.49, P<0.001). Stimulation of glucose R(d) correlated directly with adiponectin (r=0.48, P<0.01) and inversely with IL-6 (r=-0.49, P=0.02). We conclude that dyslipidemia in HIV-infected men is indicative of multiorgan insulin resistance, and circulating adipokines may be important in the pathogenesis of impaired insulin action.

Alterations in liver, muscle, and adipose tissue insulin sensitivity in men with HIV infection and dyslipidemia.

FONTANA, Luigi;
2006

Abstract

Dyslipidemia is common in patients with HIV infection. In this study, a two-stage euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp, with infusion of stable isotopically labeled tracers, was used to evaluate insulin action in skeletal muscle, liver, and adipose tissue in HIV-infected men with dyslipidemia (HIV-DL; plasma triglyceride >250 mg/dl and HDL <45 mg/dl; n=12), HIV-infected men without dyslipidemia (HIV w/o DL; n=12), and healthy men (n=6). Basal rates of glucose production (glucose R(a)), glucose disposal (glucose R(d)), and lipolysis (palmitate R(a)) were similar between groups. The relative suppression of glucose R(a) (63+/- 4, 77+/- 2, and 78+/- 3%, P=0.008) and palmitate R(a) (49+/-4, 63+/-3, and 68+/-3%, P=0.005) during ow-dose insulin infusion (plasma insulin approximately 30 microU/ml), and the relative stimulation of glucose R(d) (214+/-21, 390+/-25, and 393+/-46%, P=0.001) during high-dose insulin infusion (plasma insulin approximately 75 microU/ml) were lower in HIV-DL than in HIV w/o DL and healthy volunteers, respectively. Suppression of basal glucose R(a) correlated with plasma adiponectin (r=0.44, P=0.02) and inversely with plasma IL-6 (r=-0.49, P<0.001). Stimulation of glucose R(d) correlated directly with adiponectin (r=0.48, P<0.01) and inversely with IL-6 (r=-0.49, P=0.02). We conclude that dyslipidemia in HIV-infected men is indicative of multiorgan insulin resistance, and circulating adipokines may be important in the pathogenesis of impaired insulin action.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/3871905
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