BACKGROUND: The alpha1-adrenergic receptors (alpha1-ARs) play a key role in cardiovascular homeostasis. However, the functional role of alpha1-AR subtypes in vivo is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular influences of alpha1b-AR. METHODS AND RESULTS: In transgenic mice lacking alpha1-AR (KO) and their wild-type controls (WT), we evaluated blood pressure profile and cardiovascular remodeling induced by the chronic administration (18 days via osmotic pumps) of norepinephrine, angiotensin II, and subpressor doses of phenylephrine. Our results indicate that norepinephrine induced an increase in blood pressure levels only in WT mice. In contrast, the hypertensive state induced by angiotensin II was comparable between WT and KO mice. Phenylephrine did not modify blood pressure levels in either WT or KO mice. The cardiac hypertrophy and eutrophic vascular remodeling evoked by norepinephrine was observed only in WT mice, and this effect was independent of the hypertensive state because it was similar to that observed during subpressor phenylephrine infusion. Finally, the cardiac hypertrophy induced by thoracic aortic constriction was comparable between WT and KO mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that the lack of alpha1b-AR protects from the chronic increase of arterial blood pressure induced by norepinephrine and concomitantly prevents cardiovascular remodeling evoked by adrenergic activation independently of blood pressure levels.

Cardiovascular influences of alpha1b-adrenergic receptor defect in mice.

VECCHIONE, Carmine;
2002-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The alpha1-adrenergic receptors (alpha1-ARs) play a key role in cardiovascular homeostasis. However, the functional role of alpha1-AR subtypes in vivo is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular influences of alpha1b-AR. METHODS AND RESULTS: In transgenic mice lacking alpha1-AR (KO) and their wild-type controls (WT), we evaluated blood pressure profile and cardiovascular remodeling induced by the chronic administration (18 days via osmotic pumps) of norepinephrine, angiotensin II, and subpressor doses of phenylephrine. Our results indicate that norepinephrine induced an increase in blood pressure levels only in WT mice. In contrast, the hypertensive state induced by angiotensin II was comparable between WT and KO mice. Phenylephrine did not modify blood pressure levels in either WT or KO mice. The cardiac hypertrophy and eutrophic vascular remodeling evoked by norepinephrine was observed only in WT mice, and this effect was independent of the hypertensive state because it was similar to that observed during subpressor phenylephrine infusion. Finally, the cardiac hypertrophy induced by thoracic aortic constriction was comparable between WT and KO mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that the lack of alpha1b-AR protects from the chronic increase of arterial blood pressure induced by norepinephrine and concomitantly prevents cardiovascular remodeling evoked by adrenergic activation independently of blood pressure levels.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/3877555
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 23
  • Scopus 109
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 101
social impact