The Hubbard model is studied within the Composite Operator Method framework in a 4-pole approximation. The operatorial basis is chosen according to both the hierarchy of equations of motion and the exact solution of the model reduced to the minimal cluster (2 sites) where all Hamiltonian terms are still active. Such a recipe amounts to include into the basis not only the two Hubbard operators, which usually take care of the scale of energy related to the on-site Coulomb repulsion U, but also two other non-local operators describing the Hubbard operators dressed by charge, spin and pair fluctuations on the nearest-neighboring sites and addressing the dynamically generated scale of energy related to the exchange J 4t2/U. The calculation framework is outlined and a very first comparison to numerical simulations, showing very good qualitative and quantitative agreement, is reported. As reference, the results in the 2-pole approximation are also reported and the differences discussed. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

A 4-pole approach to the Hubbard model within the Composite Operator Method

AVELLA, Adolfo;MANCINI, Ferdinando;SICA, GERARDO
2012

Abstract

The Hubbard model is studied within the Composite Operator Method framework in a 4-pole approximation. The operatorial basis is chosen according to both the hierarchy of equations of motion and the exact solution of the model reduced to the minimal cluster (2 sites) where all Hamiltonian terms are still active. Such a recipe amounts to include into the basis not only the two Hubbard operators, which usually take care of the scale of energy related to the on-site Coulomb repulsion U, but also two other non-local operators describing the Hubbard operators dressed by charge, spin and pair fluctuations on the nearest-neighboring sites and addressing the dynamically generated scale of energy related to the exchange J 4t2/U. The calculation framework is outlined and a very first comparison to numerical simulations, showing very good qualitative and quantitative agreement, is reported. As reference, the results in the 2-pole approximation are also reported and the differences discussed. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3879685
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