Technical advances in computed tomography (CT), including helical CT and multidetector CT, have resulted in an improved ability to evaluate the small intestine. CT examination of the small bowel requires the use of dedicated techniques for optimal evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease in order to select the most appropriate therapeutic strategy for the individual patient and to monitor disease progression over time.Although intraluminal contrast media combined with intravenous iodinated contrast agents with a biphasic injection protocol provide good visualization of the typical lesions of the disease, accurate estimation of the degree of disease activity can only be achieved with nuclear imaging. Owing to continuous technical improvements, magnetic resonance imaging is expected to play an increasing role in the near future. However, in selected patients, three-dimensional endoanal ultrasonography remains the gold standard technique for assessing the anal sphincter and the recto-anal junction.

Inflammatory bowel disease: possibilities and limits in multidetector computed tomography.

ZEPPA, Pio;
2012

Abstract

Technical advances in computed tomography (CT), including helical CT and multidetector CT, have resulted in an improved ability to evaluate the small intestine. CT examination of the small bowel requires the use of dedicated techniques for optimal evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease in order to select the most appropriate therapeutic strategy for the individual patient and to monitor disease progression over time.Although intraluminal contrast media combined with intravenous iodinated contrast agents with a biphasic injection protocol provide good visualization of the typical lesions of the disease, accurate estimation of the degree of disease activity can only be achieved with nuclear imaging. Owing to continuous technical improvements, magnetic resonance imaging is expected to play an increasing role in the near future. However, in selected patients, three-dimensional endoanal ultrasonography remains the gold standard technique for assessing the anal sphincter and the recto-anal junction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3879707
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